A Comparison between the Education System of the UK and that of Nigeria 4
years” (Barclay, 2006, n.p). On the contrary, “children in Nigeria are free to enter school at any
age”. Some join before 5. However, the majority join school below the age of five years.
Additionally, the government of the UK funds the education for learners whose age
ranges between 5 and 16. “In Nigeria, only a subsidy is provided to students” (Ryan, n.d., p.
217). As such, most parents prefer private schools because they offer a better quality than the
public schools. Finally, “the education system of the UK requires one to attain the age of 11 to be
legible to join secondary education, and the age of 18 to enroll for university education” (Ryan,
n.d., p. 217). On the contrary, such laws do not exist in Nigeria. Such laws and limitations do not
exist in Nigeria.
Funding for public schools in the UK is done by the government. The state government
has introduced a strategy of per-pupil funding. That means that each school receives an amount
corresponding to the number of students enrolled. “The amount allocated to each student was
increased in the financial year 2011-2012, as well as 2014-2015” (Mortimore, 2010, p. 1). On the
other hand, the Ministry of Education in Nigeria also subsidizes education to make it affordable
for most people. It does not fund the entire amount. Consequently, the UK has a high number of
learners while Nigeria has a small number. That is because of the affordability of education.
In the United Kingdom, education is compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and
16. They are supposed to go through five stages of education. The stages are classified as early
years, primary, secondary, Further Education, and Higher Education (HE). “All children are
supposed to go to at least secondary education. Higher education is optional. On the contrary,
education has no age limits in Nigeria” (Johnson, 2008, p. 48). However, it is optional right from