SURVIVAL IN THE ATMOSPHERE 17
safety era in the industry of aviation, and synchronizing a coherent use of the airspace by both
the military and civilian commercial powered flight (Kreindler, 1994).
Aviation in the United States was not regulated by the legislation of the Air Commerce
Act in 1926. The Act generated an Aeronautic Branch inside the United States Department of
Trade with supervisory authority over civil aviation. In full recognition of the vital nexus
between meteorology and aviation, Congress approved the legislation of the Air Commerce Act
(Dutton, 1970). The above law obligated the Weather Bureau to issue weather forecasts, reports,
and potential warnings to advance the efficiency and safety of aviation in the United States.
However, since this phenomenon was in its incubation stage, the ancient forecasters had limited
knowledge of weather intrigues that influenced flight namely, clouds, fog, icing, turbulence and
thunderstorms (Lowenfeld, 1972).
In the case of accidents and plane crashes due to weather conditions, Title 49 Subtitle II
chapter 11 subchapter II § 1114 of the United States Code outlines all the legal information
regarding Disclosure, availability, and use of information (Kreindler, 1994). This code states the
recordings and imagery obtained is and will not be released till the investigation is complete.
Also, it discusses the use of trade secrets and how they will be handled. Trade secrets are
information or data the other people outside of the organization can see to include processes and
uses of said data.
In general terms, the growth and development of the aviation industry coupled with a
corresponding upward growth in meteorology use by the airlines, in particular, aided the setting
up of the first academic department of aeronautic meteorology in the US. For instance, the most
popular textbook of the time was Byer Horace’s Synoptic and Aeronautic Meteorology. It acted