among member nations. The growth, as well as the testing of nuclear warfare machinery, became
detrimental to UN’s peace vision leading to a rebalancing of the global structure (Art et al. 2004).
Later on, the Cold War kicked in where America had to face the Soviet Union and its
cronies. It was characterized by various small-scale regional wars and the hazard of a devastating
nuclear war. The US would subsidize its foreign aid in the form of fiscal and military aid
(Dobson, 2000). Most nations would then either take the Eastern or the Western side with the
Soviets siding with China, whereas a few decided to be neutral. George Kennan, a US diplomat,
developed a containment policy in 1947 (Hunt, 1987). This was to counter the aggressiveness of
the Soviet Union that was anti-Western power. The aim was to match the Soviet’s aggressiveness
whenever required while excluding the use of nuclear energy (Dobson, 2000). The repercussion
would then be the fight for supremacy between the two nations regarding influential, cultural and
The collapse of the Soviet Union in the year 1991 found the United States having
sufficient economic and military interests in all corners of the globe (Art et al. 2004). A new
American Foreign policy had to be developed as the major issues of interests at this juncture
would be climatic change and the rise of the nuclear terrorism. The United States would serve as
a great peace-keeper in various warring ethnic disputes. Over time, the most significant change
became the shift from a bipolar to a multipolar world. To the Muslim nations, the United States
foreign policy remains to be a force to reckon with.
In the contemporary world, there is a wide variety of issues covered by the American
foreign policy. The major interests remain to be the creation of diplomatic relations with
international organizations and other countries (McCormick, 2005). Business, travel, trade, and
peace-keeping are some of the primary functions of the Foreign Policy.