SHAPESHIFTING THROUGH ANTHROPOLOGY
Before this course, I did not know that race is perceived by anthropologists as a tool that
set the human population apart. Race was developed by western Europeans through their global
expansion in acquiring colonies in different continents such as Africa, Asia, Americas and the
Pacific (Guest, 2013). It was then that the Europeans created institutionalized hierarchies that
were based on races, cultures and religions. This had the implication of making members of a
particular race feel different from another race (Guest, 2013). In cases where one race felt
superior to another race, there emanated social and political strife that set one race against the
other. Among the race of the European descent, race and ethnicity was based on the civilization
capacity, intelligence differences and attractiveness that existed between members of a certain
race or ethnic group (Guest, 2013).
In the modern world, racism and ethnicity has resulted to political conquests with
outlooks that signify divisions that exist between different races, enslavement among the races
perceived to be weak, economic strife and political domination of races that seem to be
advantaged by the ideas advanced by the race and the ethnicity in which they come from (Guest,
2013). In the U.S. for example, racism and ethnicity has consistently shaped the country’s culture
and also contributed to how social, economic and political agenda are run. Notably though, there
has been calls to resist from racism because it leads to harmful effects to the race that feels
discriminated on the basis of its race (Guest, 2013).
Regarding gender and sexuality, before the course, I was not informed that sex and
gender is distinguished on two bases. Sexuality is described as the physical differences that can
be observed between a male and a female; based on the differences of their human reproduction.
On the other hand, gender refers to the expected behavior and thoughts that different cultures
place on different sexes of people (Guest, 2013). From the study done in the past, anthropologists