ARGUMENT FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD 3
day when we go to heaven. It also adds that failure to believe in God does not make Him lose
anything. The argument also claims that failure to believe in God will lead to eternal punishment
in hell (Monton, 2011). As such, the rationale behind believing in God is that it is better for one
to believe in God and get eternal reward in heaven than fail to believe in Him and be punished in
hell. It also makes it clear that God does not lose anything if we fail to belief in His existence.
The Ontological Argument
This argument makes succinct attempts to show the existence of God by using abstract
reasoning in doing so. First, the argument presents explication that explains the concept of God.
It claims that when we talk of God, we are talking of a perfect being (Oppenheimer & Zalta,
2011). In other words, God is a perfect being. As such, this simply implies that God exists. The
concept of God implies this argument is analytic and uses arguments and reasoning to lead to the
conclusion that God exists.
The Cosmological Argument
This argument is sometimes not considered a perfect description of an argument.
Basically, it uses a general pattern of argumentation, referred to as logos, that is derived from
various facts on the world (cosmos) so as to explain the existence of God (Kragh, 2016). In this
case, God is described as a unique being. Some of the initial facts that are used in this argument
include the claim that various events and beings in the world dependent or contingent, the
universe is contingent and could have designed in another way, and that it is possible to explain
the Big Conjunctive Contingent Fact (Kragh, 2016). These facts are deductively or inductively
used by philosophers to make the inference that the universe was created by an unmoved mover,
a necessary being, or a God who existed long before the creation of the universe. This argument