ASIAN-INDIAN IMMIGRANT SUBCULTURE 3
The third generation can be defined in several ways. The first situation is defined through
the reflection on the loss of traditional languages. Knowlton states, “Many were uneducated
Sikhs who spoke little English; they were often looked down on, referred to dismissively as
"Hindus” (Knowlton, 2006). Many of the second-generation Indian-Americans have low
illiteracy levels of their native languages, which includes their local community component.
Although many of them can speak the language, they cannot read or write the language. The
language partitions that distinguish sub-communities have been slowly disappearing. An
outcome of such developments is the marriages between pan-Indians that will bring distortion
and difference between the local community section and the pan-Indian section. The local-
community section may drop its cultural, political, business and social power through the
combination with the similar pan-Indian section. The second important thought is the rising sum
of local communal collections in the subculture of Indian-Americans. These sections support the
native people of Indian-American individuality. The Gujarati Cultural Association of Bay Area
in California is made up of over three thousand households as members. As stated, “Our mission
is to Preserve, Cherish and Celebrate the Gujarati Culture” (Gujarati Cultural Association, n.d.).
With this number, the organization will create a collective force within America. Marriage
within participants and the local community will remain among the members.
The easing of immigration laws in 1965 flagged the immigration of Indians into America.
Trying to maintain their cultural and religious heritage, the first-generation of Indian Americans
created temples and molded local establishments that represented their subcultures. Children
were exposed to these subcultures by their parents using functions hosted at home and within the
organizations. The second-generation Indian-Americans took the philosophy of the surrounding
larger American culture and from their parents. The sections that emerged from ethnic conflict