ROLE OF SCHOOL’S COUNSELOR 2
Assessment Tests and the Role of School’s Counselor in Assessment
Ability Testing: Academic Aptitude and Achievement
The aptitude test is one of the commonly applied assessment tools by schools counselors.
Defined merely as ‘the natural way to do something’, the proponent of the aptitude test is not
known, but it dates to so many centuries ago. It is applied together with the achievement test to
identify and place the gifted and talented students in specific educational programs. For instance,
the Modern Language Aptitude Test is used to evaluate and measure the potential of a student in
the mastery of foreign languages. Similarly, the Differential Aptitude Test is used to determine a
student’s ability in various fields such as numerical reasoning, verbal reasoning, special relations
and mechanical reasoning (Shea et al., 2001). The results obtained from these tests are valuable
to the school counselor since they are to guide the students on the right career path.
In schools, the school counselor can use the scores to guide students in choosing the
appropriate courses. A high score in a mechanical reasoning test will guide the student towards
engineering and designing courses. Also, a high score in tests that measure speed, problem
solving and accuracy may guide the students to enroll in Finance, Computer Science and many
other fields that require attention to details. The students will, therefore, focus on majoring in the
specific areas that suit their abilities.
Over the ages, the human being has used personality tests in understanding the full
potential of individual human beings. According to Kline (2013), a personality test has a lot of
benefits to the students; it increases productivity, improves the socialization skills, assists
teachers in identifying the teaching approaches to their students and help students achieve their
full potential in academic performance and co-curricular activities. The school counselor uses the