At-Risk Adolescent

At-Risk Adolescent
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
At-Risk Adolescents
The adolescence developmental changes often make the adolescents become alienated
from family and their relatives and thus engage in the risk-taking behaviour such as violence,
homelessness, pregnancy and early marriages (Jessor, 2001). Additionally, most of the problems
and disorders that an adult may suffer from usually begin during adolescent stage. Risk behaviours
in adolescents lower the quality of life and decrease chances of becoming a well-adjusted adult
(Steinberg, 2010). Thus, this paper aims to describe more about these at-risk adolescents for
students and its relations to decline in their population and some of the solutions that can help them
to connect with education and change their future.
According to Dube et al., (2003), about 1 to 1.7 million children in the United States who
stay away from their homes become homeless yearly. Homelessness in children can result due to
irreconcilable family conflicts or non-existent family home. Children, who are rendered homeless
during adolescents, often get exposed to unfavourable outcomes, such as violence and minimal or
lack of opportunity to school. Research shows that about 39% of the sheltered homeless children
miss more than a week in every two months of study and moves from one school to another more
than five times in every twelve months (Steinberg, 2010). More often, this homeless kid faces
series of serious problems academically, such as failure to read thus resulting in considerably poor
performance. Therefore, such cases usually contribute to a decline in student’s population.
Also, sexual behaviour is one of the most critical health issues for children in the adolescent
stage. The adolescents involve themselves in sexual activity at an early age without the use of
protectives and having multiple partners (Silverman, Raj, Mucci and Hathaway, 2001). Such
unprotected sex exposes them to teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections such as
Gonorrhea (Garnefski and Arends, 2008). Most often, such cases result in adverse health and social
outcomes. Eventually, they will drop out of school and hence contribute to the current decrease in
student’s population. Such incidences also cause friction between the student and the parents thus
contributing to family instability.
Furthermore, drugs abuse is one of the most disturbing health problem affecting the
adolescents across the world nowadays. Drugs abuse among the adolescents usually relates
significantly with a mental disorder (Jessor, 2001). In fact, most of the school going youths in
adolescence are prone to mental illness, either temporarily or permanently. Most of them become
mad, disturbed by the school situations (Steinberg, 2010) and they eventually drop out of school
resulting in a reduced student’s population. As a result, while the adolescents are expected to be
the leaders of tomorrow, it is evident that most of them are already dealing with disrupted
interpersonal relationships, especially within the family and educational setting. Such issues
contribute to poor performance in school, and eventually, it will force them to drop out of school
altogether thus resulting in a decline in student’s population and family instability.
Moreover, early marriage has been one of the problems affecting the adolescents.
According to Sawyer et al., (2012), married men seduce or even compel the adolescents to have
sex with them in the context of marriage. The urge to have sex more frequently increases typically
during adolescence (Jessor, 2001), and it is at this time that most adolescent risk pregnancy, which
could eventually lead to early marriages. Ignorance and poverty often cause early marriage among
the young school going adolescents. Thus, parents marry off their daughters in order reduce their
economic budget or as a way of connecting to wealthy individuals. Also, parent’s ignorance makes
them think that it is better to marry off their children to avoid the shame of having kids outside
wedlock. Early marriages affect the girls’ school enrolment significantly. Most of the child brides
are often forced to drop out of school while they lack skills to aid in lifting their family out of
poverty ( Steinberg, 2010). Besides, child brides are frequently kept apart from their friends,
resulting in gender inequality and separation from family. All those factors often contribute to
decreasing student’s population.
The primary cause of homelessness is the current housing affordability gap. Over the past
decade, New York City has lost hundreds of thousands of affordable housings (Dube et al.,2003;
Steinberg 2010), hence rendering most of its people who cannot afford increasing cost homeless.
Thus, the government should consider expanding permanent supportive housing, since it has
proved successful in solving the housing problem. Once this problem is solved, it is clear that most
homeless children will get an opportunity to reconnect with schooling and therefore secure their
Besides, the only way that teenage sexual behaviour can be solved is by having consistent,
open communication and distinct family roles (Silverman, Raj, Mucci and Hathaway, 2001). Such
factors enable children to acknowledge and embrace their parents as their teachers and that they
are still learners. Thus, it is vital for the family to have more time for themselves (Steinberg, 2010).
When this problem is solved, most students education would not be interrupted and that most of
them will have a chance to study and secure their future. The student’s population will begin to
Similarly, according to Jessor, (2001), the best way of solving drugs and substances abuse
is by dealing with peer pressure efficiently. Most students often use drugs just because their friends
are using them. Such notion should be trained off their brains entirely. Such is possible only if one
will change the kind of friends they associate together (Steinberg, 2010). It will ensure that students
do not fall into the trap of drug abuse and therefore reduces the number of dropouts, a situation
which will ensure that most students graduate and get the future they have always yearned to have.
Finally, the legislation against child marriage should be supported (Bayisenge, 2010). The
women rights activist had fought for the enactment of the rules prohibiting teenage marriage.
However, such laws must be recommended to ensure that they are applied as expected (Sawyer et
al., 2012). Thus, early marriages will reduce significantly hence giving room for young girls to
further their studies and have the bright future they could be yearning to have.
It is therefore evident that the adolescence is a developmental stage that can either make or
break children. The parents and teachers should be too vigilant on how they deal with children at
this stage. They should instil a moral sense to them before it becomes too late (Jessor,2001), as
those children are the next leaders of this great nation. Additionally, a lot needs to be done to
salvage those who have already felled to the at-risk behaviours associated with this developmental
stage (Bayisenge,2010). Some of the at-risk responses and their impacts on children academically
has been described in this paper, together with some of the recommended ways in which such
problems can be dealt with once and for all.
Jessor, R. (2001). Risk behaviour in adolescence: a psychosocial framework for understanding
and action. Journal of Adolescent Health.
Silverman, J. G., Raj, A., Mucci, L. A., & Hathaway, J. E. (2001). Dating violence against
adolescent girls and associated substance use, unhealthy weight control, sexual risk
behaviour, pregnancy, and suicidality. Jama, 286(5), 572-579.
Steinberg, L. (2010). A dual systems model of adolescent risktaking. Developmental
Psychobiology, 52(3), 216-224.
Dube, S. R., Felitti, V. J., Dong, M., Chapman, D. P., Giles, W. H., & Anda, R. F. (2003).
Childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: the
adverse childhood experiences study. Pediatrics, 111(3), 564-572.
Ellis, B. J., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., Fergusson, D. M., John Horwood, L., Pettit, G. S., &
Woodward, L. (2003). Does father absence place daughters at particular risk for early
sexual activity and teenage pregnancy?. Child development, 74(3), 801-821.
Ennett, S. T., Bailey, S. L., & Federman, E. B. (1999). Social network characteristics associated
with risky behaviours among runaway and homeless youth. Journal of health and social
action, 63-78.
Linnet, K. M., Dalsgaard, S., Obel, C., Wisborg, K., Henriksen, T. B., Rodriguez, A., ... &
Jarvelin, M. R. (2003). Maternal lifestyle factors in pregnancy risk of attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder and associated behaviours: a review of the current
evidence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(6), 1028-1040.
Brent, D. A., Perper, J. A., Goldstein, C. E., Kolko, D. J., Allan, M. J., Allman, C. J., & Zelenak,
J. P. (2008). Risk factors for adolescent suicide. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 45(6), 581-588.
Kilpatrick, D. G., Acierno, R., Saunders, B., Resnick, H. S., Best, C. L., & Schnurr, P. P.
(2000). Risk factors for adolescent substance abuse and dependence: data from a national
sample. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 68(1), 19.
Garnefski, N., & Arends, E. (2008). Sexual abuse and adolescent maladjustment: Differences
between male and female victims. Journal of Adolescence, 21(1), 99-107.
Sawyer, S. M., Afifi, R. A., Bearinger, L. H., Blakemore, S. J., Dick, B., Ezeh, A. C., & Patton,
G. C. (2012). Adolescence: a foundation for future health. The Lancet, 379(9826), 1630-
Bayisenge, J. (2010). Early marriage as a barrier to girl’s education. Retrieved on, 1(10), 2010.

Place new order. It's free, fast and safe

550 words

Our customers say

Customer Avatar
Jeff Curtis
USA, Student

"I'm fully satisfied with the essay I've just received. When I read it, I felt like it was exactly what I wanted to say, but couldn’t find the necessary words. Thank you!"

Customer Avatar
Ian McGregor
UK, Student

"I don’t know what I would do without your assistance! With your help, I met my deadline just in time and the work was very professional. I will be back in several days with another assignment!"

Customer Avatar
Shannon Williams
Canada, Student

"It was the perfect experience! I enjoyed working with my writer, he delivered my work on time and followed all the guidelines about the referencing and contents."

  • 5-paragraph Essay
  • Admission Essay
  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Argumentative Essay
  • Article Review
  • Assignment
  • Biography
  • Book/Movie Review
  • Business Plan
  • Case Study
  • Cause and Effect Essay
  • Classification Essay
  • Comparison Essay
  • Coursework
  • Creative Writing
  • Critical Thinking/Review
  • Deductive Essay
  • Definition Essay
  • Essay (Any Type)
  • Exploratory Essay
  • Expository Essay
  • Informal Essay
  • Literature Essay
  • Multiple Choice Question
  • Narrative Essay
  • Personal Essay
  • Persuasive Essay
  • Powerpoint Presentation
  • Reflective Writing
  • Research Essay
  • Response Essay
  • Scholarship Essay
  • Term Paper
We use cookies to provide you with the best possible experience. By using this website you are accepting the use of cookies mentioned in our Privacy Policy.