BRUSSELS AND PARIS 2015-2016 BOMBINGS 2
On March 22
2016, Brussels was hit by two terrorist bombings which claimed about
31 lives. The attacks in the city were carried out by three terrorists. In the first attack, two
suicide bombers detonated an explosive bomb at the city airport and the second attack was
made by the third terrorist at Molenbeek subway station. The attacks were perpetrated by
Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) who claimed to be responsible for the atrocities
(Berkowitz, 2017). The events shocked the entire community of the European Union and the
rest of the world. Similar attacks were carried out in Paris on November 13
terrorists attacked a major stadium, theatre, taverns, and eateries. The assaults were done at
the same time and killed at least 130 persons (Lequesne, 2016).
The police and intelligence agencies’ response to the Brussels and Paris attacks were
immediate and intense. The law enforcement agencies conducted several raids and arrests in
efforts to disrupt other terrorist attacks. Following a forensic investigation, a DNA of an old
hand Belgian rebel and explosives maker with ISIL traced on two of the explosive belts used
in the Paris attacks was established. The DNA revealed that the explosive belts belonged to
one of the attackers in the Brussels bombings. The evidence of DNA confirmed that Najim
Laachraoui was one the terrorists who blew themselves at Brussels Airport claiming 11 lives.
This confirms that there are the direct links between the two attacks (Lequesne, 2016).
Another DNA evidence of Najim was also found in an apartment that was shared by
the terrorists, and the authorities believe it was where the bombs were built. Khalid El-
Bakraoui, another suspect of the attacks, had rented the Brussels apartment raided by the
police in relationship to the Paris bombings. The authorities found the fingerprint and DNA
of Salah Abdeslam a top suspect in Paris attacks in the apartment. Additionally, his
fingerprints were at the scene of one of the Paris bombings. This confirmed that the Paris
attacks were partly planned in Brussels (Bigo, Carrera, Guild, & Mitsilegas, 2017).