CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 6
higher levels, learning disabilities ADHD, and pervasive developmental disorder whose effects
spread to both child and the mother (Ollendick, 2013). The high levels of maternal stress and
mother to child relationship stress that occurs at the age of 15 which is predicted in the higher
levels of maternal depression which the person who is affected reaches the age of 20.
Other than the possible causes of the child psychopathology, it is equally essential to
consider the characteristics that predispose a child to higher risks of suffering from mental
disorder. To begin with, child’s intellectual functioning and temperament have high risks for the
development of psychopathology to the child. In this case, the temperament at early childhood is
described by irregular sleeping patterns, high levels of crying, irritability and to some extent
eating problems. The characteristics of the child in relation to temperament can be used in
predicting the externalizing the behavioral problems of the child at his or her later days of
childhood. In this regard, temperament impacts may be identified to internalize the disorders.
The behaviors that are associated with temperament include timidity, shyness, and distress,
emotional restraints that are exhibited when an individual is exposed to places that are unfamiliar
to him such as places, people and context (Lahey, 2013). In this regard, the behavioral pattern is
related to elevated physiological indices of the degrees of arousal which has been indicated to
have high degrees of the genetic component. The children who demonstrate high stable styles of
temperament in the behavioral inhibition have high probabilities of developing behaviors that are
anxious and anxious disorders in their childhood stages.
Despite most of the underlying evidence indicating that there is a significant extent of
childhood temperament diagnosed at an early childhood stage correlating with the development
of child psychopathology, other psychologists opine that not every child that show high levels of
temperament will suffer from psychopathology in his or her later stages of childhood. In this