Coca cola recipe

Running head: WHAT IS IN COCA-COLA? 1
What’s in Coca-Cola?
The Coca-Cola Company has a plethora of products that have withstood the test of time as
one of the world’s most consumed goods. The company manufactures several brands of soft
drinks sold under the Coca-Cola Trademark. Although many people love drinking the Coca-Cola
products, very little is known about their recipes. The company owners have kept the formula as
a top secret known to only a few unidentified employees. The reason behind maintaining a
secrecy of the recipe is to protect the company’s intellectual property. However, through
laboratory analysis, there are some ingredients already confirmed in the Coca-Cola drinks. This
paper tries to give a fact sheet about the Coca-Cola ingredients (Palermo, 2013).
1. Caffeine
What is Caffeine?
Caffeine is a stimulant of the CNS (Central Nervous System) under the category of
methylxanthine. The caffeine is extracted from the plants and is contained in most non-diet
Coca-Cola products. The following diagram indicates the chemical structure of the compound.
Figure 1: Chemical structure of Caffeine
Since caffeine is highly soluble in water, it and odorless, it is suitably used in the soft drinks.
However, it has a bitter taste, hence it is used in small concentrations. Moreover, sugar and other
flavors are used to lower the bitterness of caffeine.
Why it is used in the product
The metabolism of caffeine occurs in the liver where it is converted to three products;
paraxanthine, theobromine, and theophylline. The half-life of caffeine is approximately 5-6
hours. The substance is used in the drinks to bring about the Alertness as well as awareness. The
compound blocks the receptors of adenosine in the blood hence lowering the brain signals that
alert the body to sleep or slow down its activities. Moreover, caffeine brings about positivity in
the mind by increasing the levels of dopamine. Therefore, the Coca-Cola drinks are associated
with motivation as well as productivity (Caffeine Informer, 2016).
Other Interesting fun facts/ safety concerns
If one is used to taking a coke when it gets hot, it becomes hard to do without it.
Therefore, the Coca-Cola drinks have a sense of addiction attributable to the caffeine ingredient.
Caffeine also increases the blood pressure. The Coca-Cola drinks are not recommended for
people with hypertension because the caffeine in them increases the release of the stress
hormones (Caffeine Informer, 2016).
2. Merchandise 7X
What merchandise 7X? Why it is used in the product
Merchandise 7X is a combination of synthetic flavors that have been secretly used to give
the Coca-Cola products the perfect taste. Merchandise 7X has been confirmed as a secret
ingredient behind the outstanding taste of Coca-Cola. The Coca-Cola Company faces a stiff
competition from its biggest rival Pepsi. The company struggles to maintain at the top of the
market by keeping secrets of the formula. However, due to pressure especially from the FDA, the
Coca-Cola Company has been forced to disclose some of the active ingredients in its syrup
(Palermo, 2013).
Other Interesting fun facts/ safety concerns
Merchandise 7X is believed to be carcinogenic. For this reason, several states are
considering the proposals to ban the Coca-Cola products. For this reason, the Coca-Cola
executives are faced with a challenge of reformulating the recipe. The Coca-Cola ingredients
have been changing from time to time due to legal issues surrounding the formula. Therefore, it
is necessary to limit the consumption of the drinks to avoid chances of interacting with harmful
3. Sodium Benzoate
What is Sodium Benzoate?
Sodium benzoate is an organic compound with the formula; C7H5O2Na. It is either
crystalline or in a liquid state. The chemical is odorless and has an astringent-sweet taste. It has a
high boiling point of between 450-475oC. The figure below indicates its chemical structure.
Figure 2: Chemical Structure of Sodium Benzoate
Why it is used in the product
Sodium Benzoate is used in the Coca-Cola products as a preservative. The Coca-Cola
products contain several ingredients such as sugars that are susceptible to destruction by the
microorganisms. The preservative is necessary to maintain the taste as well as the safety of the
Other Interesting fun facts/ safety concerns
However, sodium benzoate is linked to cancer. The combination of sodium benzoate and
citric acid form benzene. Benzene is a potential carcinogenic agent (Mitchell, 2016). Therefore,
the safety of the Coca-Cola products is challenged by the fact that sodium benzoate is included
as a preservative.
1. Citric Acid
What is Citric Acid?
Citric acid is an organic compound with the formula C
. The citrus fruits contain the
citric acid which gives them the sour taste. Coca-Cola syrup contains extracts of citrus fruits.
Therefore, citric acid is one of the ingredients in the Coca-Cola products. The following figure
indicates the chemical structure of citric acid.
Figure 3: Chemical Formula of Citric Acid
Why it is used in the product, fun facts/ safety concerns
Citric acid is used in the Coca-Cola products as a food additive to add flavor to the
drinks. Citric acid has a sour taste that gives the soft drinks an appealing taste. There exist rare
but severe cases of citric acid intolerance. Therefore, some people experience stomach cramps as
well as bloating due to citric acid allergy (Paventi, 2017). Moreover, as outlined earlier, the
combination of citric acid and sodium benzoate can form benzene and hence increase the risk of
Caffeine Informer. (2016, 12 16). Caffeine: Facts, Usage, and Side Effects. Retrieved 3 25, 2018,
from Caffeine Informer:
Mitchell, D. (2016, 3 06). This is Why Sodium Benzoate is So Scary. Retrieved 3 25, 2018, from
Naturally Savvy:
Palermo, E. (2013, 12 16). Does Coca-Cola Contain Cocaine? Retrieved 3 25, 2018, from
Paventi, J. (2017, 10 03). Citric Acid in Soda. Retrieved 03 25, 2018, from Livestrong:

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