COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 2
Which psychological process fall under the category of cognitive?
Cognition in psychology mainly focuses on mental activities which include perception of its
environment, memory, language, thinking, and consciousness. It involves the systematic study of
the mind as the central unit that deals with the processing of information and decision making.
Scientists and psychologists alike have tried to build up cognitive models that simulate the
processing of information just the way a human mind would. A keen study in cognition increased
following continued dissatisfaction among psychologist with the behaviorist approach that had
been placing a lot of emphasis on the external behavior of an individual, regarding internal
processes as inconsequential.
Psychological activities that fall into the category of being regarded as cognitive include the
process of forming concepts, which focuses on man’s ability to retain information regarding life
experiences and organizing them chronologically. Paying attention is also a cognitive activity
that enables human beings to prioritize on a specific activity or information processing since the
mind is often overloaded and can only process a limited number of concepts can be processed at
a time. Making judgment and evaluating situations with the objective of making a sober and
informed decision needs an individual to employ a cognitive approach.
Language processing is also a cognitive activity. It deals with how a person learns a certain
language and how he or she is able to express himself or herself, either by using gestures or
elements of speech. It also includes the ability to read and write the language. Storing
information is another major part of cognition. It includes retrieving information and being able
to retrieve it when necessary. Intelligence is a cognitive activity which is a broad aspect of