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Cognitive Psychology

Running Head: COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 1
Cognitive Psychology
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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 2
Cognitive Psychology
Which psychological process fall under the category of cognitive?
Cognition in psychology mainly focuses on mental activities which include perception of its
environment, memory, language, thinking, and consciousness. It involves the systematic study of
the mind as the central unit that deals with the processing of information and decision making.
Scientists and psychologists alike have tried to build up cognitive models that simulate the
processing of information just the way a human mind would. A keen study in cognition increased
following continued dissatisfaction among psychologist with the behaviorist approach that had
been placing a lot of emphasis on the external behavior of an individual, regarding internal
processes as inconsequential.
Psychological activities that fall into the category of being regarded as cognitive include the
process of forming concepts, which focuses on man’s ability to retain information regarding life
experiences and organizing them chronologically. Paying attention is also a cognitive activity
that enables human beings to prioritize on a specific activity or information processing since the
mind is often overloaded and can only process a limited number of concepts can be processed at
a time. Making judgment and evaluating situations with the objective of making a sober and
informed decision needs an individual to employ a cognitive approach.
Language processing is also a cognitive activity. It deals with how a person learns a certain
language and how he or she is able to express himself or herself, either by using gestures or
elements of speech. It also includes the ability to read and write the language. Storing
information is another major part of cognition. It includes retrieving information and being able
to retrieve it when necessary. Intelligence is a cognitive activity which is a broad aspect of
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 3
cognition without a doubt undoubtedly. Intelligence is divided into emotional, linguistic, logical
and musical.
Contribution of “Name me” game to cognition
A child‘s progress from absolute psychological and mental dependency to psychological
independence occurs gradually. As such, the brain needs to be developed through various
cognitive inducing activities. Some of this activities include games that boast the performance of
the mind. “Name me” is one of the games which can greatly contribute to cognitive
development. In this game, players form a circle within which a ball is rolled. Young children
between two and three years often sit between adult’s legs. Each player mentions the person who
the ball is being rolled to before rolling the ball. If the name is said incorrectly, the player the
ball is being rolled to should roll it back to that one made a mistake. If the name is said correctly,
the game continues accordingly to its rules.
“Name me” mainly exercises the brain. This game enables the players to become better at paying
attention. This gives them the ability to prioritize on decisions and concentrate more on their
academic tasks. The game improves the memory and it enhances the growth of the cerebral
cortex among children. The game also improves language development.
In conclusion, it is prudent to note that game experiences are equal to learning experiences.
“Name me” sharpens the memory, tests on the ability to remember names, and contributes to
making children better decision makers. Would it be greater if schools factored into their daily
routine time for children to play? What role would parents play in promoting cognitive thinking
among their kids?
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 4
References
Anderson, J. R. (1985). Cognitive psychology and its implications. WH Freeman/Times
Books/Henry Holt & Co.
Berk, A. B. M. L. E. (2007). Infants and children. Instructor.
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Interaction between learning and development. Readings on the
development of children, 23(3), 34-41.

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