ETHNIC CONFLICT 5
However, the legislation and policies that he developed allowed the existence of a considerable
extent of discrimination. Therefore, the government significantly failed in establishing an
adequate support to the blacks.
In the southern region, things were entirely different. People were more conservatives
with unique attitude towards race motivated by distinctive racial past. The economic and political
importance of slave trade was very significant. Even after its abolishment, extreme ethnic
divisions were evident in the institutional and cultural features of the era that followed, and
extended to shaping racial order of the south and the manner in which the southerners think
about race, politics, and policies even in the modern world (Kerri, 2014). Today, the southerners
are still conservatives who consider the blacks as inferiors. Mainly, this orientation of attitude
may be linked to the experience that their ancestors had with the slaves. Passage of the extreme
stances over generations has made it possible to have racial divisions in a democratic nation.
In the nineteenth century, the wealthiest people in Brazil were slave traders due to the
activity’s economic importance. For instance, slaves were involved in sugar cane and mining
activities, which were the backbone of Brazil. Just like in the southern American, Brazilian
masters were reluctant in allowing freedom to slaves (Kerri, 2014). As a result, they were more
conservative, and continued with this business activity (Douglas, 2011). The Blacks started the
revolt against the whites with the aim of fighting for their freedom and rights that would protect
them from racial segregation. They used diverse approaches to combat involuntary enslavement.
For example, runaway slaves came up with quilombos, which had distinct objectives of self-rule
and self-sufficiency. They damaged their masters’ equipment to sabotage them. Also, they tried
to seize power through their groupings