CORRUPTION IN VENEZUELA 3
Summary: The Venezuelan Corruption Crisis
Venezuela is a federal presidential republic in South America with an estimated
population of 31 million people. Despite the vast resources harbored in the country including oil,
the state continues to lag behind in growth and development. The cause of the slow growth can
be summed up to persistent financial and political corruption. In fact, it is imperative to observe
that Venezuela was ranked by transparency international at 169/ 180 with a low score of 18/100
in the form of corruption fight (Transparency International, 2018). This essay will demystify the
factors that provide a thriving environment for corruption in the country, the successes, and
failures of the government in combating graft as well as give possible recommendations that may
eliminate the vice from Venezuela.
It is imperative to note that corruption is criminalized in Venezuela, besides, there exists
a legal framework meant to prosecute corrupt individuals within the country, and nevertheless
such legal structures have proven ineffective. Corruption in Venezuela is extensive; it ranges
from extortion, active and passive bribery, and abuse of office. Combating corruption in the
country has proven to be an uphill task mainly because of lack of political goodwill and
determination to fight it. Notably, top ranking government officials within the government are
among the leading beneficiaries of corruption that they gain through dubious deals with
foreigners and corporations (Venezuela Corruption Report, 2016).
The judicial system in Venezuela, which is supposed to prosecute corrupt individual has
been under political attack with its independence being eroded. For instance, the legal
institutions in Venezuela ruled in favor of the government in 94% cases involving the
government and politicians. Similarly, the courts are occupied by loyalist judges appointed by
the state and thus owe their judicial powers to the politicians and not fidelity to the constitution.