Critical assessment of Ethical issues

Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 1
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Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 2
Critical Assessment of Ethical Issues/ Challenges Faced or Caused by Tourism in Developing
Tourism sectors in most developing countries are faced with the moral crisis that is rarely
understood but assumed to be associated with international tourism. More than 600 million tourists
have traveled internationally, and the figure is expected to rise to 1.6 billion by 2020 (Fennell,
2006, p. 22). That form of abrupt growth may subject the public sector mainly government
institutions to the heavy pressure of dealing with health, accessibility and security problems. In the
health sector, for example, accessibility and safety ethical issues include identification of
individual responsibility, mechanisms of emergency response, contingency planning or informed
consent (Fennell, 2006, p. 24). As a result of the high growth in tourism, the nations will be prone
to terrorism, diseases accidents, which will in turn call for high taxation in health, infrastructure,
and criminal justice institutions. These issues and trends call for vigorous efforts to accommodate
tourism while improving protection of a traveler as well as that of the host destination.
In the developing nations, tourism has faced numerous hiccups. The industry has experienced
poor government support regarding the allocation of funds over centuries. Ideally, these counties
have unstable economies in which they rely upon the foreign donors to finance their operations.
Therefore, there is a high likelihood for a particular government to ignoring the tourism industry
and focus on more immediate needs of the citizens such as food and security (Bushell & Eagles,
2006, p. 44). The governments of the developing nations do not encourage the citizens to invest
in tourism industry because they do not take an active role in expanding the sectors. A good section
of the developing countries is also the hotbed of the political instability and violence that have
Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 3
frustrated the expansion of the tourism sector (Spenceley & Dorothea, 2012, p. 299). Therefore,
the violence that frequently happens in these nations scares the international tourists from visiting.
This is accompanied by the cost implication in which the revenues that are typically received are
cut off.
Accordingly, the insecurity problems such tribal clashes have also frustrated of the tourism
sector in most of the developing nations (Spenceley & Dorothea, 2012, p. 299). For examples, the
frequent attacks by the militia groups such as Al-Shahab and the Islamic States have been a great
challenge in the tourism sectors through the governments have done a lot to curb the situation.
Moreover, tropical diseases such as malaria have reportedly killed many of tourists in the third
world countries. As a result, most of the tourists face threats and fear to visit these countries which
have cost implications for the local economy (Page & Connell, 2006, p. 44). To worsen the
situation, most of the developing nation has poor social services such sports hospitals and
recreational facilities which have significantly hindered the sector from expanding and thriving.
In this regard, most of the tourist sites are situated in the remote areas rendering them inaccessible
to the tourists who are the primary source of income Chok &Warren, 2007, p. 155). Lastly, poorly
developed technology in the developing nations has hindered the growth and development of the
tourism industry. Most of the tourist sites are not covered with good mobile phone networks,
television networks, and internet which are the essential condition for the tourists.
Tourism has also posed many problems to the developing nations. However, the impacts
of the sector are profoundly felt by the locals who are usually displaced to pave the ways for the
erection of beaches, halls, theaters, and pitches (Telfer & Sharpley, 2015, p.44). Additionally, the
sector has also compromised the integrity and biodiversity of the natural environment in several
ways. First, it has caused the damage to landscape in the course of constructing the tourist sites
Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 4
such as museums and beaches. Secondly, the sector has led to traffic congestion and air pollution
because of the increasing number of the vehicles. This happens mainly during holidays and winter
when the tourist flocks the developing nations to observe the beauty of the ecosystem.
When the growth and expansion of the tourism sector are looked at the critical angle, the industry
has significantly made the existence more expensive than before. For example, during holidays,
demands for the houses become higher which eventually makes housing unaffordable for the local
people (Bushell & Eagles, 2006, p. 44). However, jobs also become seasonal accompanied with a
low payment that does not reflect the numbers of hours that someone has worked. Additionally,
the prices of the local goods have also escalated in the developing nations because of the typical
feelings that tourist would be willing to pay more. The accumulation of these challenges caused
by tourism has made the life of the people from the developing nations more unbearable than
In summation, it is apparent that tourism faces several challenges in the developing
nations. Some of these problems range from insecurity, lack of government support, tribal clash to
political instabilities. However, the sector has also heavily impacted negatively by the
environment as while as causing the displacement of the locals for the ancestral land. Therefore,
from the issues pointed on the discussion, it is paramount that developing nations should raise their
eyes beyond their horizon and reflect on the ways to make tourism sectors more productive in spite
of the challenges that are found are encountered.
Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 5
Bushell, R. and Eagles, P.F. eds., 2006. Tourism and Protected Areas: Benefits Beyond
Boundaries: the Vth IUCN World Parks Congress. Cabi.
Chok, S., Macbeth, J. and Warren, C., 2007. Tourism as a tool for poverty alleviation: A critical
analysis of ‘pro-poor tourism ‘and implications for sustainability. Current Issues in Tourism,
10(2-3), pp.144-165.
Fennell, D.A., 2006. Tourism Ethics (Vol. 30). Channel View Publications.
Spenceley, Anna, and Dorothea Meyer. "Tourism and poverty reduction: Theory and practice in
less economically developed countries." Journal of Sustainable Tourism 20, no. 3 (2012): 297-
Page, S. and Connell, J., 2006. Tourism: A modern synthesis. Cengage Learning EMEA.
Telfer, D.J. and Sharpley, R., 2015. Tourism and Development in the Developing World.
Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 6
Critical Assessment Of Ethical/ Challenges Caused By Tourism in Developing Nations 7

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