existence. They hold that all meaningful ideas and statements can be accesses by rational
Thomas Aquinas shows that faith and reason are inseparable and so are religion and
science. He says that “The truth of our faith becomes a matter of ridicule among the infidels if any
Catholic, not gifted with the necessary scientific learning, presents as dogma what scientific
scrutiny shows to be false.” This shows that religion and science, according to him, should not
conflict (Thomas and Stephen, 1999). He presents that religion should not advance knowledge that
cannot be verified by science. Thomas Aquinas also says that “To one who has faith, no
explanation is necessary. To one without faith, no explanation is possible.” By this he shows that
for a person to be considered a rational human being, they have to use both faith and reason, as
reason without faith is null and faith without reason is likewise null.
Although there are those who think that science and religion are at war, there are others
who think that there is no contradiction whatsoever that exists between religion and science, that
these are two different institutions that deal with different aspects of the existence of human beings.
While science explores the natural world we live in today with logical and verifiable claims,
religion connects the natural world with the supernatural and spiritual world through faith.
Religion explains how spiritual and supernatural powers affect the natural world we live in and
the lives of human beings. Ian Barbour shows four ways of relationship between religion and
science. The four modes of interaction between science and religion according to Barbour are
conflict, independence, dialogue and integration (Barbour, 1997).