1 (a). The major defining characteristic of the Somali community is their linguistic affiliation
that involves speaking a common language among all Somalis in different parts of the word.
Somalis also share similar cultural characteristic concerning religion since they are all Muslims.
The Somali Cultural group originate from Somalia that is located in East Africa. The Muslim
nation borders Indian Ocean to the East, Kenya to the Southwest, Djibouti, and Ethiopia to the
Northwest and Gulf of Aden to the North. The Somalis are members of East African Community
that unites several countries to achieve common economic and development goals.
(b). The Somali have changed overtime concerning their practice of Female Genital Mutilation
(FGM). Initially, Somalis practiced FGM as a culture that determine rite of passage among girls
aged 10 to 14 years old. However, the community has changed by abandoning the cultural
practice following its health effects on young girls.
(c) The change was externally influenced due to global outcry on the dangers of FGM among
girls and women. The specific factors that propelled the change include scientific revelation that
female cutting interferes with their fertility, abuse of human rights due to forceful cutting, deaths
among victims and psychological challenges.
2 (a) The word Clunker refers to an outdated vehicle or machine and can also be used to mean
inelegant example of something.