Global Warming MLA

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Global Warming: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions
Global warming, also called climate change, refers to the temperature rises on Earth. On
average, the global temperatures have increased by 1.4°F in the last 100 years, with some quite
accelerated temperature increases since 1975 (Mishra et al. 241). As a result of the global
warming, there has been a worrisome melting of glaciers, the rise of sea levels, diminishing of
forests, floods, droughts, and prolonged dry spells (“What is global warming?”). Unless the
international community agrees on how to stop further climate changes, global warming will
cause disastrous consequences on the ecosystem, human social life, the economy, and even pose
a threat to human existence.
The Causes of Climate Change
Modern human activities are the main cause of the global warming. The human activities
include mining, industrial production, burning of fossil fuels, and deforestation. According to
“What is global warming?” the discharge of greenhouse gases in the last century means the
existence of “heat-trapping gases” in the atmosphere. Consequently, the world is warmer than it
was 650,000 years ago. Moreover, the greenhouse gases have caused change in weather patterns,
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which is the reason the world experiences the el niño (prolonged and heavy rainy season) or la
niña (long sunny spell) (“What is global warming?”; Luber and Prudent 111-112).
Deforestation is also a contributing factor in climate change. People often cut down trees for
house construction, paper manufacture, fuel, and furniture. As Mishra, et al. (248) note, trees
play the crucial role of absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, the absence of
adequate forest cover to absorb emitted gases means that carbon dioxide will remain in the
atmosphere and damage the ozone layer (Luber and Prudent 114). Eventually, the heat of the sun
will burn the bare earth surface more, cause wanton water evaporation, and droughts.
Human industrial activities contribute to climate change too. Most machines in factories run
on fossil fuel. For instance, garment, car, and mobile making industrial plants release a lot of
carbon dioxide. Coupled with the automobile fuel exhausts, the carbon dioxide can bring heat
waves and extremes temperature fluctuations, explain Luber and Prudent (115).
Mining has negative effects on climate. During the mining process, methane becomes
entrapped in the Earth’s belly, only to cause heat waves later, observe Mishra et al. (239). Even
the rearing of cattle can enhance global warming because livestock manure comprises methane, a
gas that causes global warming.
Global warming can be amplified by urbanization and the built environment. Luber and
Prudent (2009) present the details of how cities attract about 1.3 million more dwellers every
week. Rapid urbanization, argue Luber and Prudent (2009), will enhance “increases thermal-
storage capacity, known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect.” Road infrastructure and cities
have a significant contribution to UHI and climate change.
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The Consequences of Global Warming
Humanity may face serious economic consequences for the failure to address global warming.
The melting of caps, the rise in sea levels and floods can destroy farmlands leading to
widespread hunger or deaths (Mishra, et al. 246). Additionally, the economic activities of the
people living in low-lying coastal regions will face a big threat.
Climate change can affect people’s health too. Hurricanes and floods do not only lead to the
destruction of houses worth billions of dollars but also the spread of diseases. In floods, illnesses,
such as cholera spread quite fast (Luber &Prudent 116-117).
Global warming is threat to human life, the economy and health. There is need for humanity
to slow down global warming by devising the means to address deforestation and greenhouse gas
emissions. Concerted efforts by the international community to stop global warming will
preserve planet Earth for the future generations.
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Works Cited
Luber, George and Natasha, Prudent. “Climate Change and Human Health.”
Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 2009; 120: 113 117.
Mishra, Ashok K., et al. “Impact of global warming and climate change on social development.”
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare, vol. 26, no. 2-3, 2010, pp. 239260.,
“What Is Global Warming?” National Geographic, n.d.,

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