Healthcare in usa paper SAMPLE 1

Institution Affiliation:
Healthcare in the United States
Healthcare in the United States over the years encountered challenges of how to modify a
system that provided affordable healthcare coverage for all its citizens. Over this period, one
question that remained a dilemma was whether health care was a right or a privilege for the
citizens of the United States. However, the uncertainty surrounding healthcare was put to rest
after the introduction of the Affordable Healthcare Act (ACA) otherwise known as Obamacare.
ACA aimed at increasing healthcare coverage to the citizens through mandatory insurance
policies for all citizens (Rosenbaum, 2011). Despite the efforts from the Affordable Care Act, the
provision of healthcare services to the people is not a right yet. The government of United States
ensures that all the citizens have access to police and fire services, protection from external
aggression by the military, services from the national postal corporation and other state or federal
fund ended services. Despite all these rights to services in the country, the government has not
yet ensured that all citizens have the right to healthcare coverage.
The government of United States has an obligation to streamline health services to its
citizens. The government is essential to improving public health, reducing the domestic spending
on healthcare as well as stopping healthcare triggered bankruptcies. One of the proper roles of
the government in healthcare is lowering the cost of healthcare provision for the citizens. This
can be achieved through subsidies in healthcare insurance (Rosenbaum, 2011). This will make
the cost of paying premiums to go down hence more and more people will be able to pay for
such policies. Another way of reducing the cost of health in the country is through the
government revising the stance on universal healthcare right. Borrowing from the healthcare
spending in countries like Canada and United Kingdom, the United States spends more due to
lack of a universal health care right stance (Tang N, et al. (2004). Another responsibility of the
government pertaining healthcare in the United States is the collection of vital health statistics to
facilitate in planning. National Center for Health Statistics is tasked with the collection, analysis,
and interpretation of key health data.
Work ethics is a key foundation of healthcare services in any society. The United States
government is responsible for supervising private health facilities and independent nursing
practitioners to ensure that the quality of healthcare provided to the citizens is high (Erlen, 2010).
Regarding technology, the government is responsible for ensuring that medical services provided
to the citizens are up to date with medical technology. To achieve this, the government should
invest in research and development regarding subsidies. Finally, the United States government
is obligated to guarantee to equal healthcare services as well as an opportunity for healthcare
professional education to all its citizens regardless of their race or class.
According to Erlen (2010), informed consent is important in the context of medical
research with human subjects. It is the right of every participant to have adequate knowledge on
the risks involved in participating in the activity before the experiments on either a new drug or
therapy. The author defines informed consent and makes suggestions to better the process of
acquiring informed consent. Los Angeles County DPH Public Health Nursing (2007) displays a
graphical outlay of the Public health Nursing Practice Model. It comprises of the steps involved
addressing public health issues including monitoring health, diagnosis, community mobilizing,
policy development, implementation and evaluation of health interventions. Finally, Mullinix
and Bucholtz (2009), emphasis on the strengths and weaknesses physicians encounter when
establishing the quality of care they provide.
Erlen, J. (2010). Informed consent: Revisiting the issues. Orthopaedic Nursing, 29(4), 276-80.
Mullinix, C., &Bucholtz, D. (2009). Role and quality of nurse practitioner practice: A policy
issue. Nursing Outlook, 57(2), 93-8. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2008.07.006
Los Angeles County DPH Public Health Nursing (2007). Public health Nursing. Practice Model
Retrieved from
Rosenbaum, S. (2011). The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Implications for Public
Health Policy and Practice. NCBI. Retrieved 28 August 2017, from
Tang N, et al. (2004). The roles of government in improving health care quality and safety. -
PubMed - NCBI. Retrieved 28 August 2017, from

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