Healthcare policy

Healthcare policy
Student’s name:
Executive summary
The need to combat health complications in the population is a significant healthcare
motive. Human development lies on the ability of the persons to live a disease-free living
which does not subject their health conditions into risky points. The need to uphold effective
health conditions calls for the imposition of healthcare policies whose focus is fixed on what
can be put in place to help reduce the health issues. The paper covers the benefits which can
be sourced from having physical exercise ratified in a social health setting to help in
preventing the complications which befall persons suffering from intellectual disabilities.
Context and importance
Persons with intellectual disability have a challenge of making out a sound judgment
in common items which require effective reasoning. For instance, they face a problem of not
being able to make positive decisions in solving their social issues. Intellectual disability
affects the mental part of the body, making it very difficult for the person to make concise
decisions. It sometimes exceeds to bring communication challenge to the victim, making him
or her face difficulties in his communication (Mason et al., 2013).
Physical exercise is very crucial in ensuring the body attain a sustainable state which
is healthy enough and free from ailments. The practice acts as a depression reliever since it
brings forth a relaxation state of the mental posture. The involvement in physical activity by
the person who has intellectual disability ensures the calories components in their bodies are
effectively worked out and burned, thus reducing obesity. Cardiovascular problems come as a
result of overthinking and depression. Engaging in a physical exercise helps in relieving the
persons from the depression state, which in turn helps them to evade cardiovascular
complication (Wranik, 2012).
Arthritis, diabetes, and hypertension can as well be relieved by the involvement of
persons with intellectual disabilities into a physical exercise. The physical activity ensures all
the body systems operate in a healthy state, and the naval composition attains a sustainable
state. The immune system as well relies heavily on the exercise which one partakes as it
brings the relaxation of the body cells which contract the health complications. The
involvement in the physical activities serves a crucial part in evading the contraction of these
diseases which can be prevented by effective exercise by the individual who is prone to
contradicting it (Dirksen et al., 2013).
The imposition of the policy on the physical exercise will be enacted by the health
care centers where the persons get their treatment. The healthcare personnel who have the
right knowledge on how to perform the physical activity will give directions on how the
operations should be performed. The department of health from the state should focus on
having such activities sponsored in their budget as a strategy of combatting the excess
complications which comes from the failure of having physical activities in the healthcare
setups. The persons who benefit from the physical activity should be taught on what to do
from their homes to avoid the often visiting of the health centers to be engaged in those
physical activities. The policy on physical activity should not only include the person with
the intellectual disability. It should be open enough to all the parties who comprise the society
since the need for exercise is needed by all without exception. There should be manuals
which provide the guidelines on how the exercises should be done (Agarwal et al., 2010).
This can be distributed to all the members of the society to help in ensuring everyone engages
in the activity. Since the persons with an intellectual disability sometimes are incapable of
synthesizing what is composed in writing, they can be directed by their counterpart society
Critique of policy actions
Reduced social exposure can help reduce intellectual disability. Though this course of
action may not bring forth as much benefit as physical activities, it might help in evading the
depression which faces the persons suffering from this complication. Having the persons
accumulated into select units which administer life skill training to these people can help in
boosting their judgment capabilities and learn how they can secure themselves from
contracting particular illnesses. Excess engagement with the healthy persons who exceed the
persons with intellectual disability capabilities may cause depression to them as they might
consider themselves socially unworthy due to their incompetence hence stirring up
depression (Tanios et al., 2013).
Intellectual disability can as well be managed by the subjection of the person who
suffers it into thorough medical check-ups. It might be caused by particular other
complication which the person faces, which can be controlled. Intellectual disability comes at
the late stages of child development, and sometimes it is not evident until someone is fully
developed. The healthcare system should, therefore, focus on providing some dietary
directions to the persons who suffer intellectual disabilities. However, this is not as effective
as physical exercise as the patient can end up developing such health problems as diabetes
and obesity.
Training on healthy consideration to the persons facing intellectual disability should
as well be done to avoid their engagement into activities which might make them more
vulnerable to the contraction of diseases. Training involves the mental capacity to grasp the
directives which are provided during the training. This may make the training option not
reliable enough compared to physical exercise since the activities do not rely much on the
capabilities of the mind to grasp what is taught (Elizabeth et al., 2012).
Persons with intellectual disabilities should be guided on how they should perform
physical exercises. Personnel with the right knowledge on how to direct on the physical
activity should be deployed to the healthcare units to aid in giving the direction to these
parties. As well, the close associates of the persons with the intellectual disability should
equip with the right directives on how they can help these people to perform the physical
activities. Secondly, the policy on physical activity should be accompanied by other social
benefits to help in encouraging the participants. For instance, after the engagement into the
activity for some time, the parties who portray appealing dedication into the activity should
be rewarded. This may serve as an encouragement to those not willing to join in the physical
exercise to enrol into the activity. The policy can be linked to social benefits other than
sidelining it on the health benefits alone. Having physical gains such as tangible material
awards which the persons gain from taking part in the activity may serve as a great
Mason, D. J., Leavitt, J. K., & Chaffee, M. W. (2013). Policy and Politics in Nursing and
Healthcare-Revised Reprint. Elsevier Health Sciences
Wranik, D. (2012). Healthcare policy tools as determinants of health-system efficiency:
evidence from the OECD. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 7(2), 197-226
Dirksen, C. D., Utens, C. M., Joore, M. A., Van Barneveld, T. A., Boer, B., Dreesens, D. H.,
... & van der Weijden, T. (2013). Integrating evidence on patient preferences in
healthcare policy decisions: protocol of the patient-VIP study. Implementation
Science, 8(1), 64
Agarwal, R., Gao, G., DesRoches, C., & Jha, A. K. (2010). Research commentaryThe
digital transformation of healthcare: Current status and the road ahead. Information
Systems Research, 21(4), 796-809
Tanios, N., Wagner, M., Tony, M., Baltussen, R., van Til, J., Rindress, D., ... & Goetghebeur,
M. M. (2013). Which criteria are considered in healthcare decisions? Insights from an
international survey of policy and clinical decision makers. International journal of
technology assessment in health care, 29(4), 456-465
Elizabeth Esain, A., Williams, S. J., Gakhal, S., Caley, L., & Cooke, M. W. (2012).
Healthcare quality improvementpolicy implications and practicalities. International
Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 25(7), 565-581

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