Healthcare technology

Healthcare technology
Institution of affiliation
Literature review
Medical errors
(Phelps, 2011) While medical errors can be prevented, the glaring increase of the
medication errors indicates that little has been done to correct the situation and thus avoid the
medical error. In his view, he indicates that there is a dire need for technology in a bid to correct
medical errors as a way of overcoming the ever-rising number of medication errors. Technology,
in his view, is one of the best ways of reducing medical errors on the account that he noted that
medication errors that are non-surgical were more common the healthcare institutions. Statistics
that he relied on while writing his book indicated that non-surgical medical errors had increased
to the tune of about that the errors that were committed that had higher chances of resulting to
death ranged from 44,000 to 98000 in 1999. This indicates that the challenge of medication
errors ought to be taken seriously by bringing about technological policies that would reduce the
number and guarantee patients of their safety while in a healthcare institution.
(Phelps, 2011) Further noted that about 70% of the medical errors could be prevented.
However, serious measures have not been put in place to the extent that non-surgical errors have
increased accounting for about 19% of the errors that are annually recorded in healthcare
institutions. The report from which the statistics that he relied on were derived from women’s
hospital and MGH. Among the most shocking and unfortunate reports that were compiled by
AHRQ, it was found that the most notable impacts of medical errors were that they prolonged
the period in which a patient was admitted to about 4-6 days. Logically, the prolonging of the
admission increases medical cost. In the report by AHRQ, it was indicated that patients were
made to pay $4685 more of what they could have paid to healthcare institutions as a result of a
medication error.
In an assessment of the most serious medical errors, (Phelps, 2011) opined that they are
the errors that were attributed to IV administration of medication. While analyzing the medical
errors that are more serious, Phelps used the data that were obtained from MedMax, a database
that is used for recording the medical errors that have been committed in healthcare institutions.
The MedMax data further indicated that the medical errors that were more likely to cause deaths
were the parenteral medications. In comparison to other medication errors, the parenteral
medication was found to be three times more likely to lead to death. An account that the statistics
that he relied on to indicate that there was a dire need to correct medical errors to guarantee
patients of safety, healthcare that will at the end of the day provide a platform that would
guarantee patients quality health care, which is a policy on the principle of all healthcare
institutions whether public or private. On his part, (Phelps, 2011) proposed the use of infusion
pumps as the solution to the issue of medication errors, which were found to be the challenge
that was more likely to lead to death.
Impacts of medication errors
(National Academies Press, 2000), in their research on the impacts of medical errors
found that approximately 98000 people die in any given year as a result of medical errors. The
institution compared the number of people who die as a result of motor vehicle accidents, AIDS
or breast cancer, which are the three leading causes of death thereby, receiving overwhelming
public attention. In their comparison, they found out that medical errors lead to more deaths than
AIDS, road accidents and breast cancer. Additionally, the institution noted that human tragedy,
which leads to medical errors is the leading widespread financial problems. The book indicates
that the errors that are attributed to human negligence have been noted to lead to serious issues in
the context of medical errors and therefore, policies to have technology being used in medical
institutions should be formulated and implemented in a bid to have safe, quality and reliable
healthcare sector.
Possible solutions to medication errors
(Philips, 2017) Opined that one of the major leading causes to medical errors is the issue
of poor labelling of drugs. In this case, clinicians or pharmacists can easily make mistakes by
administering wrong drugs to patients out of poor labeling. As result (Phillips, 2017) proposed a
proper labelling of drugs and chemicals to ensure that all drugs are used for their right purpose
and thus avoid medication errors. (Philip, 2017) further postulated that some medication error
occur at diagnostic stage of treatment out of using wrong chemicals for diagnosis. Therefore,
healthcare institutions should come up with a streamlined ways of labelling all drugs and
(Aronson, 2009) on the other hand, opined that some of the medical errors occur as a
result of poor training of clinicians thereby, resulting to the situation whereby, the clinicians are
not trained in line with the professional requirements. Logically, in the event that the clinicians
are not adequately prepared, the chances of making mistakes in their career are so high. In his
article, Aronson suggested that clinicians should be given the right education to facilitate
working in line with the professional requirements to the extent that they would reduce the
medical errors. Medication errors being one of the major issues that majorly affect the quality of
healthcare being offered, therefore, Aronson’s opinion should be considered as a possible to
solution medication errors.
On the account that human beings and paperwork have a greater tendency of leading to
medical errors. (Cohen, 2007) Opined that the probable way and reducing medical errors that are
attributed to human beings was to institute policies that would make mandatory for the medical
institutions to do away with the paperwork, which is largely done by man and instead replace
them with technology. In this case, it was opined that human beings are prone to committing
errors that may either be deliberate or through an accident. Accidents may be as a result of
tiredness or poor vision that may lead into committing medical issues. (Cohen, 2007), thus
suggested that the medical errors should be prevented by replacing paperwork with technology.
While proving the account why it was so important to have technology in terms other than
paperwork, Cohen further noted that technology is more efficient, convenient and faster than
human beings, therefore should be put in place to ensure safe and quality healthcare to all.
(Hatfield, 2012), in his book that was written with the aim of analyzing the need to have
the CPOE system as the solution commission of medical errors defined it as the process of
medical electronic entry of instructions of the medical practitioner's institutions in the course of
treatment of patients under the care of the practitioner. He further described it as a system that
facilitates that the orders that are entered into the system are further communicated through a
network of a computer to the medical staff that is affiliated with various medical departments
such as lab, radiology or the pharmacy in a bid to fulfill the order. Hatfield father indicates that
CPOE is a system that has been advocated in the USA since 2000 on account that it is efficient
and devoid of medical errors.
In the course of emphasizing in need to replace paperwork and human work in relation to
health care institutions, (Lambert, 2014) researched the need to have a technological system in
charge of dispensing drugs. The logic behind the pharmacy dispensing machine according to
Lambert is the account that the machine is free from errors in that there are minimal and most
likely no instances of an overdose or being given the wrong drugs, which is a common mistake
that is affiliated to the man leading to life-threatening situations. The pharmacy dispensing
machines are instituted to ensure that medical errors are reduced to the minimum. Though the
machines are said to require additional human resource with specialized training for coding,
(Lambert, 2014) indicates that it is very effective in correcting a medical error and the cost of
paying a specialized coding expert is far much cheaper than spending extra costs for medical
Technology, therefore, evaluated together with proper education and proper labeling was
considered by (Cohen, 2007) as the best solution to the medication errors challenge that appears
to be a stumbling block to the quest of providing quality healthcare. In this case, (Cohen, 2007),
argued that in spite of proper labeling of drugs and chemicals and offering proper education to
clinicians, the two solutions assign much responsibility to human beings. Considering that some
of the medication errors are deliberate while other are unintended, proper training and labeling of
chemicals may not be relied on as the sole solution. On the other hand, technology, through
computerized systems, provides a platform that has the minimum or no errors. Therefore,
technology is more effective as a possible solution to the issue of medication errors compared to
proper training and proper labeling.
Advantages and disadvantages of technology as a solution to medication errors
(Lambert, 2014) In his book argued that technology is the best method to solve the issue
of medical errors. In his argument, he indicated that technology has several advantages among
them is the efficiency. In this case, technology brings in a platform that is efficient and time-
saving in its operations. Secondly, he opined that, unlike the human, technology is more
accurate, with minimum or zero chances of making errors. Third, Lambert indicated that
technology economical on account that it requires the little human resource, therefore, reducing
the cost of hiring. However, he noted that despite all the possible advantages, technology
expensive based on an initial cost of installation compared to human resource. Secondly, in his
book, he indicated that technology requires an input of highly trained personnel, which is also
Aronson, J. K. (2009). Medication errors: EMERGing solutions. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology,
Cohen, M. R. (2007). Medication Errors. Washington DC: American Pharmacist Associa.
Hatfield, M. D. (2012). The Impact of Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) on Medication Order
Processing and Workflow Efficiency by Pharmacists: A Time and Motion Study. Houston:
University of Houston.
Lambert, A. A. (2014). Advanced Pharmacy Practice. London: Cengage Learning.
Phelps, P. K. (2011). Smart Infusion Pumps: Implementation, Management, and Drug Libraries.
Maryland: ASHP.
Phillips, N. (2017, July 9). Safe Labelling Helps in Preventing Medical Errors. Retrieved from OR TODAY:
Press, N. A. (2000). To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System, Volume 627 . Washington DC:
National Academies Press.

Place new order. It's free, fast and safe

550 words

Our customers say

Customer Avatar
Jeff Curtis
USA, Student

"I'm fully satisfied with the essay I've just received. When I read it, I felt like it was exactly what I wanted to say, but couldn’t find the necessary words. Thank you!"

Customer Avatar
Ian McGregor
UK, Student

"I don’t know what I would do without your assistance! With your help, I met my deadline just in time and the work was very professional. I will be back in several days with another assignment!"

Customer Avatar
Shannon Williams
Canada, Student

"It was the perfect experience! I enjoyed working with my writer, he delivered my work on time and followed all the guidelines about the referencing and contents."

  • 5-paragraph Essay
  • Admission Essay
  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Argumentative Essay
  • Article Review
  • Assignment
  • Biography
  • Book/Movie Review
  • Business Plan
  • Case Study
  • Cause and Effect Essay
  • Classification Essay
  • Comparison Essay
  • Coursework
  • Creative Writing
  • Critical Thinking/Review
  • Deductive Essay
  • Definition Essay
  • Essay (Any Type)
  • Exploratory Essay
  • Expository Essay
  • Informal Essay
  • Literature Essay
  • Multiple Choice Question
  • Narrative Essay
  • Personal Essay
  • Persuasive Essay
  • Powerpoint Presentation
  • Reflective Writing
  • Research Essay
  • Response Essay
  • Scholarship Essay
  • Term Paper
We use cookies to provide you with the best possible experience. By using this website you are accepting the use of cookies mentioned in our Privacy Policy.