The next step involves the preparation of protocol through which funds shall be obtained.
Some of these research methods are costly and therefore it is important for one to conduct a
financial analysis on the required resources as well as substantial amount of funding. Therefore,
the reach team should write a protocol which will be used to obtain funds. It should include, the
study hypothesis, the background, and justification, the study population, the methods of
recruitment, the study design to be used, the sample size, methods of collecting data, statistical
analysis, possible ethics, a timetable, references, budget, and dissemination of results. However,
different bodies require having different protocols. It is always important to identify what a
particular body requires.
Once the study is approved and finances are provided, the next step involves the
recruitment of staff members while gathering the necessary equipment. One should always look
for competent personnel to cut down on issues of incompetence. In the modern age,
computerization of equipment has been largely advocated where data is stored and analyzed using
computer software. This is the followed by recruiting study subjects and the collection of samples.
The study material which may be in the form of biological specimens is then processed depending
on the purpose of the study. This is an important stage of the study. If the samples are interfered
with in any way, it may lead to errors which affect the final results. Quality control should be
advocated in the event of laboratory procedures.
The next step is critical in any study; data processing and editing. In the following step,
data is collected and recorded in either form or in computer software via data entry. The data is
then stored and backed up for analysis. Disseminating the results is the final step which involves
writing a paper. The paper should include a title page, an abstract, an introduction followed by the
methodology, the results and the discussion.