minorities' rights and hence gay advocates feel that the federal government or anyone else should
not bar marriage to any minorities. This argument is further supported by the Interracial
Marriage Act whereby marriages across races were prohibited in the United States till 1967.
Therefore, it is crucial to examine the pros and cons of gay marriages and evaluate them from a
basis of whether it is plausible to not only legalise them but also mount awareness campaigns to
de-stigmatize them (Katia, 26).
There are various arguments that have been put forward in support of gay marriages.
These range from rights in freedom in the Bill of Rights, inherent rights, societal perspectives
and biological claims. First, lobbyists and advocates for gay couples feel that if they are not
legalized, this will be tantamount to isolation of their rights to religious freedom. Opponents to
this have expressed the fact that all major religions consider homosexual relationships as a sin.
However, the First Amendment as entrenched in the American Constitution that every person’s
rights and views pertaining to religion or lack thereof be it a minority group or not, must be
protected. The marriage institution is a secular and societal activity in contrast to the widely
acknowledged view as a solely religious perspective of people’s lives. Therefore, the government
cannot base laws on a religious concept. This can be equated as entrenching the mentioning of
God’s name in vain as a crime.
Secondly, benefits that accrue to a married couple such as joint property ownership and
medical benefits are also accorded to gay couples if their unions are legalized. Vital societal and
mutual benefits such as tax reduction, property ownership, insurance benefits and agency laws
affect a couple’s decision-making. For instance, if a partner in a gay couple that has lived
together for twenty years falls ill, visitation rights to the other partner are denied since they are
not recognized by law as the next of kin or spouse. Therefore, critical decisions such as