Human Geography North America

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Human Geography: North America
The human settlement patterns of American continents have based entirely on various
factors that included climate, trade, regional conflicts, availability of land, and other resources.
Human movement over the historical period has not been limited particular continents but
entirely global with vast populations originating from Europe and Africa. Such large population
sizes brought in different dimensions to human geography the population sizes remain
distributed across different countries depending on the above factors. The paper identifies the
present human population patterns of the American subregions highlighting the factors that have
contributed to the regional balance.
According to National Geographic encyclopedia, North American region houses the
different citizens of different countries that include Canadians, Americans, Hawaiians, and
Mexicans. The high populations represent a different drawing of cultures representing the racial
and religious diversity accustoming the region. Accordingly, these populations have diversified
in their origin and cultures bringing forth a vibrant element of cultural diversity. The North
American settlement pattern sees various areas depending on their settlement conditions house
majority of populations. According to US Department of State, settlement patterns saw European
emigrants from the Northwestern Europe of British, German, and Dutch settled in areas of
Minnesota and Dakota that had climatic conditions similar to the Scandinavian countries. The
areas European settlers chose were productive and open to opportunities such as agriculture. The
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second patterns of settlement have seen the rise of population in urban centers with urban
settlements harboring the majority of American societies. Essential towns including New York,
Toronto, Mexico provided a pull for people over different ages of settlement. Importantly, the
settlement patterns did unintentionally design by the availability of opportunity either
agricultural, industrial or trade. Other factors such as conflicts and pandemic conditions later
contributed to the population movements.
Factors Contributing to Settlement Patterns
The American continent after its discovery by European explorers provided a new
frontier of exploitation with vast, rich lands and potential for industrial opportunities. As such,
other factors that contributed to the settlement patterns included agrarian revolution, the
industrial revolution, trade, and continental conflicts.
The agrarian revolution started in Europe and had its perfection done in America since
America had largely arable lands capable of extensive agriculture. The agricultural revolution
drew large-scale investors to American farmlands who intern pushed small-scale settlers to urban
centers. The act propelled rural-urban migration with small-scale settlers moving to towns and
cities leaving rural farms for extensive agriculture. Agriculture needed vast labor force too.
Industrial revolution acts as the second factor that saw much of urban settlements turning
to industrial centers. Industries contributed much to offering opportunities for labor hence human
populations clogged around industries for job opportunities after leaving agricultural lands for
extensive agriculture. The pattern saw urban settlements grow in size and diversity.
Trade was another factor that played an essential role in defining the pattern of settlement
that followed in North American subregions. Trade saw the expansion of port cities as the most
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trade was done through sea transport. Such trends led to some populations settling along the
coastal towns of North America in search of jobs and trade opportunities.
Finally, continental conflicts such as including the World wars presented an opportunity
for some emigrants to move to North America as the continent never actively took part in both
these conflicts. As a political factor, the wars and other related disputes saw settlers seek new life
beginnings and opportunities to advance both trade and agriculture. North America as a
settlement frontier today has vast urban settlements that have rich cultural and racial diversity
with an overwhelming majority being British, French, and Spanish.
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Works Cited
National Geographic Encyclopedia. North America: Human Geography, Culture and Politics.
Retrieved From
US Department of State. United States Geography: Settlement Patterns. Retrieved from

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