HUMAN SURVIVAL TECHNIQUES IN THE FUTURE 2
Human Survival Techniques in the Future
The increased shortage of food, water, and clean air has left jaws dropping. A recent report
by the Food and Agriculture Organization show that approximately 44 million people are currently
experiencing food shortages (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2015, p. 11). This looming crisis
has been attributed to the relentless population increase to a point which is inconsistent with the
environment’s carrying capacity. It has gotten to a point where the amount of resources needed to
sustain the people, surpasses the available resources. The increased population has led to the
destruction of forests, wetlands and other natural resources in a bid to create room for human
settlement. It has been projected that by 2050, human beings will require 100 percent more of the
earth’s fisheries, croplands, and forest cover (Fujise & Ishikawa, 2013, p. 13). Human beings are,
therefore, expected to formulate new techniques of survival both in the near and far future.
Virtually, human beings need to produce more crop yields. Over time, farmers have
overlooked the scientifically-proven methods of increasing crop production. These methods
include intensified pest and disease control as well as soil fertilization measures. It is high time
that human beings put more land into agricultural use (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2015,
p. 25). This includes productive and sterile lands. Sterile land is an unproductive land which has
fragile soils. Human beings should inaugurate numerous irrigation schemes on these weak soils to
enhance the cultivation of crops. More so, they should reclaim neglected pieces of land. These
land fragments should be used to establish fisheries and increase the forest cover. Equally, farmers
should adopt the newly invented scientific methods of controlling pests and diseases. In addition
to that, they should embark on using fertilizers and manure to improve the soil fertility.
Consequently, there would be an unceasing supply of food in the future.