Human Survival Techniques in the Future

Human Survival Techniques in the Future
Student’s Name
Human Survival Techniques in the Future
The increased shortage of food, water, and clean air has left jaws dropping. A recent report
by the Food and Agriculture Organization show that approximately 44 million people are currently
experiencing food shortages (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2015, p. 11). This looming crisis
has been attributed to the relentless population increase to a point which is inconsistent with the
environment’s carrying capacity. It has gotten to a point where the amount of resources needed to
sustain the people, surpasses the available resources. The increased population has led to the
destruction of forests, wetlands and other natural resources in a bid to create room for human
settlement. It has been projected that by 2050, human beings will require 100 percent more of the
earth’s fisheries, croplands, and forest cover (Fujise & Ishikawa, 2013, p. 13). Human beings are,
therefore, expected to formulate new techniques of survival both in the near and far future.
Virtually, human beings need to produce more crop yields. Over time, farmers have
overlooked the scientifically-proven methods of increasing crop production. These methods
include intensified pest and disease control as well as soil fertilization measures. It is high time
that human beings put more land into agricultural use (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2015,
p. 25). This includes productive and sterile lands. Sterile land is an unproductive land which has
fragile soils. Human beings should inaugurate numerous irrigation schemes on these weak soils to
enhance the cultivation of crops. More so, they should reclaim neglected pieces of land. These
land fragments should be used to establish fisheries and increase the forest cover. Equally, farmers
should adopt the newly invented scientific methods of controlling pests and diseases. In addition
to that, they should embark on using fertilizers and manure to improve the soil fertility.
Consequently, there would be an unceasing supply of food in the future.
Additionally, human beings should install desalination plants at the coast to ensure that
there is continuous water supply in the future. Desalination is the process of eliminating salts and
indigestible minerals from the sea water. This process can be done in a number of ways including
Reverse Osmosis, Nano-filtration, Membrane Distillation, and Electro dialysis (Mitchell & Union
Carbide Nuclear Company, 2011, p. 54). Each government, of all coastal countries, should
establish desalination plants at the coast. These plants would be used to process the sea water and
make it bio-available to the people- both in their countries and in their landlocked neighbors. More
so, these plants would effectively recycle the waste water from its citizens and redirect it to the
sea. Subsequently, there would be a steady supply of water to the people and at the same time; the
sea levels would be maintained.
Lastly, human beings should limit the rate of emission of waste gases into the atmosphere.
These emissions hinder the circulation of clean air as well as affect the weather patterns. The
emissions originate from various engine and non-engine driven technologies such as vehicles and
industries. Human beings ought to install pollution control systems, equipment and services in
industries. These systems would help trap the pollutant gases and convert them to more useful
materials. Moreover, vehicle manufacturers should implement the vehicle emission and gasoline-
sulfur standards (Maga & Kinosian, 2012, p. 22). This action would certainly reduce tailpipe and
evaporative emissions from all sorts of cars. In the aftermath, there would be unlimited supply of
clean air in the future.
To sum up, the rampant increase in population growth has led to continued destruction and
reduction in the amount of natural resources available. It is evident that there is a shortage of food,
water, and clean air in the current times. Needless to say, this crisis will become more severe in
the future unless human beings come up with future survival techniques. It is therefore wise that
the reigning governments come up with desalination plants at the sea. More so, farmers should
adopt the new scientific methods of pest and disease control. They should also reclaim neglected
and unproductive lands and subdue them into intensive farming activities so as to increase crop
and livestock production. Last but not least, human beings should regulate the rate of emission of
harmful gases into the atmosphere. This can be achieved by installing pollution control systems in
industries. It can also be done by implementing the vehicle emission and gasoline-sulfur standards
when manufacturing cars. In the aftermath, there would be continuous supply of water, food, and
clean air in the future.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2015). Agricultural and food engineering technical report.
(Agricultural and food engineering technical report.) Rome: FAO.
Fujise, J., & Ishikawa, M. (2013). The Future Prospects of Ecosystem on the Earth: Problems of
Growing World Population and Feeding. Biological Sciences in Space, 6(1), 39-49.
Maga, J. A., & Kinosian, J. R. (2012). Motor Vehicle Emission Standards - Present and
Future. SAE Technical Paper Series. doi:10.4271/660104
Mitchell, B. E., & Union Carbide Nuclear Company. (2011). Desalination of sea water:
Evaporation plants. Oak Ridge, Tn: Union Carbide Nuclear Co., Division of Union
Carbide Corp., Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant.

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