Industrial revolution

Insert Surname 1
Student’s Name
Professor’s Name
Industrial revolution
The industrial revolution was a transition to the new manufacturing process from the
period 1760 to 1820 (King and Geoffrey 12). The United States and Europe were the leading
regions during the transition. The period saw a transition from hand production methods to a
large scale new chemical production methods and iron production processes. There was an
improvement in the use of water, increase in steam power usage, rise of factory system and
development of machine tools. The industrial revolution marked a turning point in the history of
humanity. Every aspect of a person’s daily life was changed from the way materials was
produced, income, living standards, and politics (King and Geoffrey 68).
Despite the immense growth experienced during this period, it had a cost on the
life of the people. Many individuals suffered at the expense of the growing economies. One such
aspect of life that was destroyed, or rather compromised was freedom. Freedom is an essential
aspect or part of a human life. A person without freedom is more like a slave. Industrial
revolution through various politics and uncontrollable owners saw it that freedom was less of a
right for the people. Authors such as Shelley, Mill, Marx, and Ibsen through their literary works
shed light on the issue of freedom in the industrial revolution period. This paper will look at their
literary works and relate it to freedom in the context of the industrial revolution.
Insert Surname 2
The book by Mary Shelley Frankenstein tells the story of a young scientist by the name
of Victor Frankenstein. Frankenstein creates a grotesque creature in an unorthodox scientific
experiment (Bloom 13). The language that is used by Mary Shelley in the book is a dramatic one
which she uses to highlight life in England during the industrial revolution era. She manages to
use a combination of fear and wonder and the potential it had for England during that period. In
the story, the monster Frankenstein is feared by the people. It's great physique, strength and
appearance drive fear into the heart of men. The monster tries to be part of the community, but it
is not allowed to the people. The protesters fought against the infiltration of the monster into
their lives to a point where a neighbor relocates his family away from the monster (Bloom 83).
From this excerpt, it can be identified that the changes through the industrial revolution
broke down the freedom people had. For example, the neighbor that relocated his family had no
freedom to live peacefully. The monsters influence was growing, and the only option he was left
with was to move from his cottage. It can be argued that the author saw the industrial revolution
compromised on the freedom of people just to live in peace. The people wanted to live their lives
without the influence of the machines. However, the authorities and the developers were turning
blind to the cause of the citizens. To the author, the freedom that she wanted regarding industrial
revolution was to be free from the influence of the changes that was happening during that time.
Karl Marx was one of the most influential people during the 19th century. The only
positive thing that Karl Marx had to say about the industrial revolution was that that era was a
stepping stone towards an ideal society that he envisioned. Other than this view, he saw that the
industrial revolution was merely a stage where people were dehumanized. In his work Poverty of
Philosophy, he wrote that men change their mode of production in acquiring new productive
forces (Marx 79). He further adds that in changing the mode of production, or the way of living,
Insert Surname 3
people end up changing their social relations. Karl Marx envisioned a society that had economic
At the time of the industrial revolution, people were fixated with machines. It was the
only way a person could make a living. Many people at the time worked in the manufacturing
plants that were cropping up everywhere. As much as this stage was a stepping stone towards an
ideal world, Marx saw the revolution as infringing on economic freedom. Economic freedom is
where a person can undertake any economic actions. These economic actions should be humane
unlike that of the industrial revolution which he termed as dehumanizing. Apart from economic
freedom, Marx also saw that industrial revolution compromised the right to adequate standard of
living for the workers. All of them were leading a horrible life, and the pay was also poor. The
dehumanizing nature of the manufacturing plants was a concern to Marx. For Marx, he viewed
the industrial revolutionists through the prism of an absolute zero sum game where the capitalist
continued to be wealthier at the expense of underpaid laborers. The industrial revolution period
was both exploitative and dehumanizing from Marx’s point of view.
John Stuart Mill was an English political economist, English philosopher, civil servant,
and a feminist. During the industrial revolution, Mill was against most of the ills that were
brought about by the changes. One of is fiercest arguments during the industrial revolution was
economic liberty. This was the freedom of the market to adjust itself. Mills argued that economic
liberty ensured that there was progress in the economy. He further added that the government
does not interfere in the economy because it will bring about the undesirable effect. One of the
main ills during the industrial revolution was government fixation with the market where they
had to manipulate it to produce the desirable effects. This more than often caused the opposite
Insert Surname 4
leading to economy disruption and failure. Mill was against the government undertakings, and he
preferred economy freedom where the market had to settle itself.
Apart from economic liberty, Mills wanted the freedom to vote for women. During the
industrial revolution, women were not allowed to cast their votes for any political person they
favored (Williams 35). Voting was only restricted to men at the time. His fight for women to
vote brought him many critics at the time. He visualized industrial revolution to be a system that
downgraded on women’s ability to choose between the right candidate and the unworthy one. In
addition to freedom of vote, Mills related the industrial revolution to great differences in wealth.
This was a sign of the inequity that existed at the time. The poor workers did not have a choice
and had to work for the capitalists to earn a living. As much as living standard was involved, the
freedom to choose a different working path was limited, and this further worsened the living
standards of people during this time.
Unlike the other Shelly, Marx, and Mills, Ibsen concentrated on the upper-middle class
family life. Ibsen was born at the start of the industrial revolution, and he always pursued his
love for arts. All of his work represents the reality of bourgeois life. During his time, the upper-
middle-class families saw themselves be a superior class compared to the dissolute working
class. Ibsen pulled the curtain back on these assertions; he believed that the middle class was
patriarchal, cruel controlling, and manipulative. Most of Ibsen works was only for the Norwegian
people to be free from Danish rule. Ibsen wanted freedom from Danish influence regarding
Norwegian arts. With the help of Bjornson, they managed to get rid the country of Danish
influence and established Norwegian Art. Compared to the other three, Ibsen work was not as
pronounced as the three when it came to the effects of industrial revolution on the social
Insert Surname 5
In conclusion, the industrial revolution brought with it some undesirable effects on the
people. One of those issues was overworking laborers. Laborers were overworked but underpaid
at the same time. Their living standards were poor compared to other classes. In contrast, the
upper middle class as illustrated by Ibsen in his works were leading a comfortable life. They had
everything but at the expense of the suffering laborers. The upper class as well are swimming in
wealth while the lower class are living in debts. Karl Marx highlights the plight of the laborers
while Shelly illustrates the effect of the industrial revolution to the social life of the people. Mills
show how the industrial revolution and the governments meddled with the economy. All these
individuals had an impact during the industrial revolution, and each had his or her stand against a
particular aspect of that era.
Insert Surname 6
Works Cited
King, Steven, and Geoffrey Timmins. Making Sense of the Industrial Revolution: [english
Economy and Society 1700-1850]. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press, 2001. Print.
Bloom, Harold. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. New York, NY: Chelsea House Publ, 2007. Print.
Marx, Karl, and A P. Thakur. The Poverty of Philosophy. New Delhi, India: Global Vision Pub.
House, 2008. Print.
Williams, Brian. Women Win the Vote: 6 February 1918. Slough: Cherrytree, 2009. Print.

Place new order. It's free, fast and safe

550 words

Our customers say

Customer Avatar
Jeff Curtis
USA, Student

"I'm fully satisfied with the essay I've just received. When I read it, I felt like it was exactly what I wanted to say, but couldn’t find the necessary words. Thank you!"

Customer Avatar
Ian McGregor
UK, Student

"I don’t know what I would do without your assistance! With your help, I met my deadline just in time and the work was very professional. I will be back in several days with another assignment!"

Customer Avatar
Shannon Williams
Canada, Student

"It was the perfect experience! I enjoyed working with my writer, he delivered my work on time and followed all the guidelines about the referencing and contents."

  • 5-paragraph Essay
  • Admission Essay
  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Argumentative Essay
  • Article Review
  • Assignment
  • Biography
  • Book/Movie Review
  • Business Plan
  • Case Study
  • Cause and Effect Essay
  • Classification Essay
  • Comparison Essay
  • Coursework
  • Creative Writing
  • Critical Thinking/Review
  • Deductive Essay
  • Definition Essay
  • Essay (Any Type)
  • Exploratory Essay
  • Expository Essay
  • Informal Essay
  • Literature Essay
  • Multiple Choice Question
  • Narrative Essay
  • Personal Essay
  • Persuasive Essay
  • Powerpoint Presentation
  • Reflective Writing
  • Research Essay
  • Response Essay
  • Scholarship Essay
  • Term Paper
We use cookies to provide you with the best possible experience. By using this website you are accepting the use of cookies mentioned in our Privacy Policy.