Rousseau also believed that humans underwent different physiological and physical
stages before they finally matured. In Emile, he divided the human development into five stages.
They included the infancy stage, the age of nature, pre-adolescence stage, puberty, and adulthood
(Ornstein, Levine, Gutek & Vocke 92). According to Rousseau, the infancy stage starts from the
time of birth and ends with the weaning of the child. During this stage, the child should be given
more real liberty but less power so that the child has develops the habit of doing things by him
and demand less from others. The stage of nature requires that the child receives no moral
instruction or verbal learning. During this stage according to Rousseau, the child is meant to
develop his or her physical qualities and involves the cultivation of the child’s five senses in
turn. Rousseau describes the third stage as the noble savage. During this stage, there is a more
rapid increase in the child's strength than his needs and the urge to activity takes a mental form.
The reasoning for the child is well developed by the fourth stage and by this time, he can handle
the adolescence emotions as well as the moral issues and religion effectively. The child may still
want to hold back the societal pressures which he is subjected to, but most importantly, the child
needs gradual entry into the community life during this stage. The last stage, adulthood, entails
the preparation of an individual against the society’s corrupting influences. Rousseau believes
that the individual is now ready to learn about aspects of love and marital duties and is now
ready to return o the society (Ornstein, Levine, Gutek & Vocke 92-93).
His influence in political philosophy is viewed as an important contribution to politics.
He advocated for freedom and to protect it; Rousseau suggested that political institutions be
constructed to allow peaceful coexistence of free and equal citizens in the society. In his political
theory, he held on to the view that institutions of law could also enhance effectiveness in the
division of labor as well as private property as the society advanced. He proposed the social