JEAN WATSON NURSING THEORY 2
Jean Watson Nursing Theory
CAUTIs have become common in in the modern day society. They are most common in
hospitals. As such, it has become necessary to formulate ways of preventing, controlling, and
managing CAUTIs among patients. Several research studies have been conducted to this effect.
They focus on interventions that are suitable for the management of CAUTIs. However, some of
them are not effective and reliable in the manner in which they describe the interventions and
strategies that should be implemented to ensure effective management. As a result, CAUTIs
continue to claim lives and the incidence rate continues to increase. This implies that there is a
need for other approaches to be formulated. It also implies that there is a need for a theory that
links the current practice to the expected practice that would improve the efficiency of the
current interventions and strategies. In this case, the Jean Watson Nursing Theory is the best fit
for this purpose. This is described below.
Concepts of Nursing Theory
There are four primary concepts that make up the philosophy and science of caring.
These concepts include nursing, human being, health, and the environment or society. According
to Jean Watson, a human being is an individual who is valued and deserves to be respected,
cared for, nurtured, assisted, and understood (Garside & Nhemachena, 2013). This implies that
Jean’s philosophical view of a person is that it is an individual who is a fully functional
integrated self. He adds that a person is greater than all of his parts. On the other hand, he defines
health as a high level of mental physical, and social functioning, as well as general adaptive-
maintenance level of one’s daily functioning. It also encompasses the absence of illness, or better
still, the presence of efforts that are directed towards elimination, control, prevention, or
management of an illness (Garside & Nhemachena, 2013). Watson also defines an environment