Jean Watson Nursing Theory

Jean Watson Nursing Theory
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Jean Watson Nursing Theory
CAUTIs have become common in in the modern day society. They are most common in
hospitals. As such, it has become necessary to formulate ways of preventing, controlling, and
managing CAUTIs among patients. Several research studies have been conducted to this effect.
They focus on interventions that are suitable for the management of CAUTIs. However, some of
them are not effective and reliable in the manner in which they describe the interventions and
strategies that should be implemented to ensure effective management. As a result, CAUTIs
continue to claim lives and the incidence rate continues to increase. This implies that there is a
need for other approaches to be formulated. It also implies that there is a need for a theory that
links the current practice to the expected practice that would improve the efficiency of the
current interventions and strategies. In this case, the Jean Watson Nursing Theory is the best fit
for this purpose. This is described below.
Concepts of Nursing Theory
There are four primary concepts that make up the philosophy and science of caring.
These concepts include nursing, human being, health, and the environment or society. According
to Jean Watson, a human being is an individual who is valued and deserves to be respected,
cared for, nurtured, assisted, and understood (Garside & Nhemachena, 2013). This implies that
Jean’s philosophical view of a person is that it is an individual who is a fully functional
integrated self. He adds that a person is greater than all of his parts. On the other hand, he defines
health as a high level of mental physical, and social functioning, as well as general adaptive-
maintenance level of one’s daily functioning. It also encompasses the absence of illness, or better
still, the presence of efforts that are directed towards elimination, control, prevention, or
management of an illness (Garside & Nhemachena, 2013). Watson also defines an environment
is manner that suggests that every society has had nurses. The definition also highlights the idea
that caring is an attitude that is passed from one generation to the other through the culture of the
nursing profession to enable patients to cope with their environment.
The nursing model formulated by Watson states that the role of nursing is to promote
health, prevent illness, care for the sick, and restore good health among patients (Drenkard,
2008). The concept also encompasses health promotion and treatment of diseases. Watson’s
belief is that the practice of caring in nursing should be characterized by holistic health care. In
this regard, she defines nursing as a human science that the study of people and human health-
illness experiences mediated by personal, professional, esthetic, scientific, and ethical human
Why the Theory was selected
This shows that Watson’s nursing theory establishes the relationship between nursing,
human health, environment, and human beings. This relationship is crucial as it enables nurses to
understand the practice to include in their practice to aid in the management of CAUTIs. It also
enables them to understand practices that should be implemented on individuals depending on
their environment.
Additionally, the model outlines the various steps that should be followed in the scientific
research process. These include assessment, planning, intervention, and then evaluation. This is
will guide researchers involved in research studies on CAUTIs (Drenkard, 2008). The
assessment step will guide them on observations, identification, and review of the problem to be
investigated. It will also guide them on hypothesis formulation. The care plan creates will enable
the nurses who implement it to establish the approaches to be used in measuring or examining
variables, as well as the type of data to be collected. Intervention will guide nurses on the
implementation of the care plan depending on the data collected by the researchers (Hutchinson
& Goodin, 2012). The final step, evaluation, enables researchers to analyze data, interpret
results, and formulation of any additional hypothesis that is required. This will enhance the
quality of researches conducted on CAUTIs and promote better control, prevention, treatment,
and management of the condition among victims.
Drenkard, K. N. (2008). Integrating human caring science into a professional nursing practice
model. Critical care nursing clinics of North America, 20(4), 403-414.
Garside, J. R., & Nhemachena, J. Z. (2013). A concept analysis of competence and its transition
in nursing. Nurse Education Today, 33(5), 541-545.
Hutchinson, T. L., & Goodin, H. J. (2012). Nursing student anxiety as a context for
teaching/learning. Journal of holistic nursing, 0898010112462067.

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