a)Gerard though shown an act of trust, does not honor that and he intentionally neglects to go
back to the filling station to pay for the gas thereby failing to honor their agreement which is fraud.
Section 380 (1) of Part X of the Criminal Code states that anyone defrauds the public or thereby any
other person by fake means, deceit or falsehood is deemed guilty of a criminal offence and is subject to
an imprisonment. Gerard lied of his return to pay for the gas and in turn is liable of a criminal offence.
b) Although the student did not go to his teacher’s office with the aim of stealing the
examination questions, his cause of action could lead to act of crime like theft. For an action to be
termed as theft, actual retrieval of a thing from someone permanently or temporarily has to take place.
c) Rachel actions of pretense of being black while in fact she was white can be termed as False
Pretense. This is because she does so for her own benefits. She even goes to extents of being a civil
rights activist and gets elected as the president of the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored people in Washington a position only for the blacks. Part IX Section 362 (1) clearly shows that
a person makes or causes to be made an untrue statement with his consent so as to be relied on as true
to be used for his or her own gain is considered guilty of an offence of False pretense. For certain
Rachel used deceit to get to her ranks. She deceives the public that she is black and the public believes
what she claims to be through her cause of action as a civil rights activist though she comes from a
white family background. This act of pretending to be someone who you are not is prosecutable in a
court of law.
Case # 3
Any relationship is bound to last or fail. John and Vickie are no exception. When John gave
Vickie the smartphone as a birthday gift and the Ring, the ceased to be his and possession shifted.
When he claimed them back, it was Vickie’s decision to either give them back or retain them. Hence,
John’s action of retrieving the Phone and ring in Vickie’s bag without her consent can be termed as
breach of privacy. Although John was not involved in any way with Vickie slipping on the floor