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Leadership Theories

Running head: LEADERSHIP THEORIES 1
Leadership Theories
Name
Institution
LEADERSHIP THEORIES 2
Leadership Theories
Leadership theories are essential aspects of leadership dimensions because such ideas are
integral in the formation of leadership styles that emphasize on behavior relationship
characteristics that all important in the success of ant leader. The theories as such can create a
better understanding regarding relational skills between the leaders and the followers. The paper
herein discusses the importance of leadership theories with the focus on the both the Path-Goal
and Leader-Member Exchange theories.
The Path-Goal Theory
The Path-Goal theory emphasizes on the different motivational engagements that leaders
emancipate their followers to participate with the aim of achieving particular objectives. The
Path-Goal theory has a derivative from the goal motivation that ensures the focus remains
established at the organizational setting (Polston-Murdoch, 2013). The study by Polston-
Murdoch (2013), explains various elements of rewards are made increasingly tempting given the
fact that they are all critical. Fundamental is the manner with which they create the relationships
that ought to exist between the leaders and their followers through goal enhancement of goal
objectives that might occur at the stages of engagement. The motivation creates as such create
the path through which the leader takes their followers through to achieve specific life goals. The
guidelines are crucial in ensuring that the various obstacles that exist remain satisfying in the
sense that they guarantee attainment of team objectives as directed by the leaders (Polston-
Murdoch, 2013).
The various studies on Path-Goal theory of leadership currently focus on the
effectiveness of the approach, and its role in ensuring that work remains achieved and the set
goals as planned are achievable. The studies in such context have lined out the different
LEADERSHIP THEORIES 3
components that together in characteristics form the path-goal theory in its objectivity to the role
of Path-Goal theory as an alternative participative leadership. The process as such ensures that
Path-Goal theory emphasizes on achievement-oriented leadership in strategies that are proposed
(Polston-Murdoch, 2013).
Leader-Member Theory
Unlike the Path-Goal theory, LME theory deviates from the various opinions elaborately
discussed the different styles of leadership as addressed in most of studies and leadership
perspectives (Zacher, Pearce, Rooney, & McKenna, 2014). The Leader-Member Exchange
theory (LME), conceptualizes the different concepts of leadership through a point that
emphasizes on the various interactions that are there to the followers and their leaders. The
theory based on the interactive treatment that exists between the leaders and their follower.
According to Zacher, Pearce, Rooney, & McKenna (2014), unlike the vertical linkage theory that
is the in the Path-Goal theory, the relationship that exists in LME takes the form of dyadic ties
with both the leader and the follower interacting at interphases that guarantee mutuality in their
association.
Current studies have based the LME theory as an idea that has the potential for enhancing
sustainability and development within our societies. The interactional basis at the score of
mutuality ensures that the qualities of a leader stands presented in their ability to influence
empowerment among their followers (Zacher, Pearce, Rooney, & McKenna, 2014). The studies
on the LME expound on the fact that the type of interaction that exists among the followers and
their leaders ensures that the methodology can compensate for the various drawbacks that exist at
the time of empowering their followers. The leaders as such have the chance of addressing any
LEADERSHIP THEORIES 4
eventuality that is related to their roles that include playing a role in encouraging the gains that
aim at elevating their followers’ life experiences (Zacher, Pearce, Rooney, & McKenna, 2014).
LEADERSHIP THEORIES 5
References
Polston-Murdoch, L. (2013). An Investigation of path-goal theory, relationship of leadership
style, supervisor-related commitment, and gender. Emerging Leadership Journeys, 6(1),
13-44.
Zacher, H., Pearce, L. K., Rooney, D., & McKenna, B. (2014). Leaders’ personal wisdom and
leadermember exchange quality: The role of individualized consideration. Journal of
Business Ethics, 121(2), 171-187.

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