Legalization of Marijuana Sample Paper

Legalization of Marijuana
The term marijuana denotes the dried parts of either the leaves, seeds, flowers, or stems
of the Cannabis sativa plant (Lubman 1). It is widely regarded as an illicit drug in most countries
though medics use it at times to treat a range of illnesses and symptoms (Cerda et al. 23). This
paper will briefly look on whether marijuana should be legalized as a result of the benefits
associated with its medical use.
According to Reinarman et al, marijuana plants contain chemicals that are useful in
treating an array of illnesses and symptoms (128). Case studies and anecdotal reports in the
recent past suggest that marijuana has a therapeutic potential though little is known about the
patients who use marijuana as medicine. Following the claims by medics that marijuana is useful
medically, a number of states in the USA approved medical marijuana laws in order to encourage
its use medicinally (Reinarman et al. 130). A research by Cerda et al, however, found out that
illegal marijuana use tends to be high in states that have legalized medical marijuana use than
those that have not (27).
Considering that Food and Drug Administration in the United States has not yet approved
marijuana as medicine, the medical benefits associated with its use should not justify its legality
since there exists a large scientific literature on the consequences of its consumption. The
thought of legalizing marijuana should only come into mind, once large clinical trials have been
conducted to demonstrate that the use of marijuana medicinally outweighs the risks associated
with its use on the patients it’s meant to treat (Cerda et al. 26).
Bearing in mind that marijuana use has been found to permanently impair brain
development, much should be done to ensure that it is not legalized since it would lead to more
harm than good (Lubman, Ali & Murat 8). Its legalization would, for instance, lead to an upsurge
in its use impairing the development of many brains in the process. Many people would then
start experiencing concentration and memory problems which is detrimental to the growth and
development of any society (Volkow et al. 2223).
Despite the benefits associated with medical marijuana, it should not be legalized since it
is an addictive drug. Marijuana contains the tetrahydrocannabinol component that causes
addiction on the user with time. Addiction to the drug occurs when the brain of the user adapts to
the drug and a person will often exhibit withdraw symptoms when not on the drug (Volkow et al.
2221). The legalization of a drug that can cause addiction to users should, therefore, not be
encouraged at all under any circumstance.
In spite of the medical benefits associated with marijuana in the treatment of certain
illnesses and symptoms, the drug should not be legalized as it would lead to more harm than
good in any given society. As seen above, it would be reckless to legalize marijuana since the
negative aspects associated with it outweigh its benefits. But were it to be legalized, only the
little amount that is deemed necessary in the field of medicine should be legalized.
Work Cited
Cerda, Magdalena, et al. "Medical marijuana laws in 50 states: investigating the relationship
between state legalization of medical marijuana and marijuana use, abuse and
dependence." Drug and alcohol dependence 120.1 (2012): 22-27.
Lubman, Dan I., Ali Cheetham, and Murat Yucel. "Cannabis and adolescent brain development."
Pharmacology & therapeutics 148 (2015): 1-16.
Reinarman, Craig, et al. "Who are medical marijuana patients? Population characteristics from
nine California assessment clinics." Journal of psychoactive drugs 43.2 (2011): 128-135.
Volkow, Nora D., et al. "Adverse health effects of marijuana use." New England Journal of
Medicine 370.23 (2014): 2219-2227.

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