Running head: MAQUILADORA
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Comparative studies in cultures and transformations involve the exploration of
different cultures and the themes which can be drawn from issues such labor relations, gender,
social movements, colonization and urbanization among others. The following is a discussion
guided by different questions relating to maquiladora located on the U.S./Mexico border.
Question 1
Maquiladora refers to the corporations domiciled in Mexico, operating under
preferential tariff programs which allow up to 100% foreign participation in regards to capital
contribution and management (Funari & Torre, 2017). The creation of such companies started
after 1964 when Mexican workers in the United States lost their legal ground to work within
the U.S. In response; companies shifted their operations to Mexico where labor was cheap.
Question 2
Maquiladoras are allowed to bring any workers or professionals for managerial
positions or technical specialization. However, middle level and lower level positions which
require both skilled and non-skilled labor are held by Mexicans (Funari & Torre, 2017). The
working conditions in areas such as Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez are poor, have no safety
measures, workers are poorly trained, and the working facilities are poorly ventilated.
Question 3
In the wake of globalization, multinationals set up factories in Mexico, primarily
because of cheap labor. Also, because of the failure of the Mexican government to create
sufficient and sustainable employment, multinational corporations can easily influence the
formulation of favorable trade regulations by the Mexican trade secretariat (Funari & Torre,
Question 4
A majority of employees in Maquiladora are divorced women who work to earn a
subsistence income. In the wake of globalization, multinationals view them merely as a factor
of production and do not endeavor to improve their welfare. If the productivity of the women
does not match up to the expectations of the corporations, they are considered redundant just
like any other commodity.
Question 5
In regards to labor relations, the payment of severance package upon termination of
employment is among the key issues that Lourdes and Carmen are advocating. Besides, they
want the reduction of lead contamination in the environments where the workers inhabit and
that the companies inform the employees on the risks posed by toxic chemicals from the
factories (Funari & Torre, 2017).
To sum up, it is evident that Lourdes and Carmen have been successful in their efforts
because they have received a financial commitment from the United States and Mexican
governments towards the cleanup of the environments. Also, a majority of the employees who
whose employment contracts were terminated in the past have been compensated.
Funari, V. & Torre, S. (2017). Maquilapolis 2006 Vicky Funari & Sergio de la Torre mp4.
YouTube. Retrieved 11 March 2017, from

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