Medical Conditions Of Obesity | EssayIvy.com

Medical conditions of obesity

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Medical conditions of obesity
Obesity can simply be defined as the excessive accumulation of fats that may impair
health. Usually, obesity is as a result of overeating, but in some people, excess weight gain
may be resulted by other diseases. Three medical causes f obesity include Cushing’s
syndrome, Hypothyroidism, and depression.
Hypothyroidism is a condition that results when the thyroid gland secretes too little
hormone. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control the heart, breathing, weight,
metabolism rate and many other functions. Both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are
commonly associated with decreased metabolic rate, decreased thermogenesis and weight
gain which represents a risk factor for obesity (Biondi, 3614).
Cushing’s syndrome is another condition that may cause obesity. Cushing syndrome
usually results by taking glucocorticoid drugs. It may also be resulted by diseases that result
in excess adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol or Corticotropin-releasing hormone levels.
Cortisol hormone levels will be elevated which thus requires more carbohydrates. Cortisol
thus metabolizes the food refueling the body even when not necessary. Various parts of the
body due to elevated cortisol levels get the excessive fats accumulation which may ultimately
result to obesity. Cushing ‘s syndrome is typically associated with truncal obesity
(MANODHI SARANAPALA, 30).
Depression is always linked to obesity. Individuals who are depressed are more likely
to be obese due to the physiological changes in their immune systems and hormone that
results from depression. The positive association between depression and obesity in adults is
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robust. According to a study, it was found that individuals with high depression levels gained
weight easily which is a risk factor for obesity. Low serotonin levels in depressed people
have a tendency of becoming obese as they are fond of eating in the attempt of self-
medicating to get their serotonin levels to normal (Thompson).
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Works Cited
Biondi, Bernadette. "Thyroid and Obesity: An Intriguing Relationship." The Journal of
Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 95.Issue 8 (2010): 3614-3617.
MANODHI SARANAPALA, DAVID J. TORPY. "Cushing’s syndrome versus simple
obesity." EndocrinologyToday Volume 4.No. 1 (2015): 30-35.
Thompson, Dennis. Depression and Obesity. 15 July 2011. 26 March 2018.
<https://www.everydayhealth.com/depression/depression-and-obesity.aspx>.

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