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where farmers hired them from. The law specified the laborers to be paid by the end of each day
so that they could purchase goods on their way home in the evening.
The Old Testament reveals many herding activities. For instance, from Gen 13:5, it can
be established that Amos was a farmer and a herdsman
. However, David was a shepherd. The
herdsmen and shepherds were charged with taking care of their animals. This means that they
had to fight for their animals in case of wild animal attacks or raids. Herdsmen led a nomadic
lifestyle, which meant they could spend a lot of time away from their families. They were almost
at the very bottom on the social scale.
Other occupations necessary for the functioning of the state also abounded in the ancient
near east. Occupations comprised of fields such as skilled laborers, craftsmen, metal-smiths, and
artisans as described in 1 Chronicles 22:15. Some of the jobs performed by the above
professionals included designing of homes, making exquisite clothing, turning hide into writing
materials, and making furniture. The aforementioned workers ranked somewhat higher than
farmers and herdsmen.
Governments existed during the Old and New Testament period. Notably, the
governments had officials and soldiers that facilitated the goals of the same such as record
keeping and the preservation of archival materials
. Besides, the governments had tax collectors.
Tax collectors were usually looked down upon by people stemming from the belief that they