return the greeting, raise a question, or refuse to perform whatever they have been requested
verbally. These patterns display organization trends that can be predicted.
The first characteristic of all conversations in everyday talk is the involvement of at least
two individuals for a conversation to take place. Notably, no single individual has the ability to
commence a conversation on their own without the participation of a second party. Even when
individuals make exclamations on their own, they do it in response to communications they have
heard from other sources (Patterson 1). Taking this into account, one can plan his conversation in
advance and predict some of “must” elements of each talk depending on the counterpart.
Secondly, everyday conversations involve both the exchange of ideas and the
establishment of mutual understanding. While the former established the basis for everyday talk
and origination for everyday talk, the latter remains relevant for continuation and sustenance of
conversations. In the absence of ideas, everyday conversations cannot be initiated. Similarly, the
absence of understanding among the communicators will end a conversation. Mostly
characterized by face-to-face relations, everyday talks occur in a continuous context and involve
the use of words as well as symbols.
As expressed by Perakyla
, other elements that characterize everyday talk may encompass
actions, structural organization, and inter-subjectivity with each of these features functioning to
aid the other (117). Examples of conversational actions may include openings and closings of
speech, or assessments occurring at specific points within the conversations. Inter-subjectivity
defines the intentions of the speakers in a conversation, their situational awareness, the processes
of relations they employ, and the positions they adopt in relation to the subjects of discussion.
The last element is created, maintained, negotiated, or changed depending on the direction of the
conversation (Sidnell and Tanya 229). In the end, the greatest characteristic of every