modernization. In their development, these cities have sought to respond to many critical
demands that were not solved by the socialist cities. Although they assume an administration
based system, they present the structure of a combined socialist and capitalist perspective
where the spirit of entrepreneurship is encouraged. Again, they allow free supply of
consumable services with the trade remaining open to the state, institutions, and individuals
Notably, a number of elements of industrialization have been inherited by modern
Chinese post-socialist cities. However, there is no compromise on other sectors of the
economy to support industrialization. If anything, the supply of tertiary services has received
notable attention from administration systems. Characteristically, individuals no longer have
any power in policy design. Instead, democratically and legally established institutions
perform this function. Unlike socialist cities, post socialist modernizations use economically
planned systems to determine an organized spatial distribution of all city elements. Thus,
industrial segments remain away from residential and business segments (Wu 7). In sum,
post-socialist Chinese cities development responded to the challenges faced by the socialist
cities. Characteristically, they are outstandingly democratized.
In conclusion, modern Chinese cities have experienced three stages of development, namely,
republican, socialist, and post-socialist. The modernity at each of these stages defines
transformations that aim at improving the previous stage. While a number of elements may
be inherited into another stage, there is almost a clear trend that very few of such occur.
Typically, on stage replaces the other because of better ideals of planning and social
structures. Thus, as the cities transform from republican through socialist to post-socialist
developments, they eliminate unwanted elements to come up with ideal ones. Such has been
the construction of modern Chinese cities.