Notion of Security in Russian Foreign Policy to EU -Russian relationship and Crimean Crisis using Constructivist Theory

Notion of Security in Russian Foreign Policy to EU -Russian relationship and Crimean
Crisis using Constructivist Theory.
In the early 1980s, Russia and the European Union had a favorable relationship which
gradually degraded in the early 1990s from being cooperative to a competitive interaction in a
shared neighborhood (Haukkala, 2015, p. 30). The recent Ukrainian crisis and the annexation of
Crimea have had a significant and negative effect on the notion of security within the Russian-
EU relationship (Teper, 2016, p. 390). The Russian leaders were dedicated towards improving
the country’s notion of security as constructed in Russian foreign policy. Firstly, Russia exerted
increased pressure on the neighboring territory including Syria, especially after Crimea
annexation. This caused the EU to suspend its practical cooperation with Ukraine in the attempt
of strengthening the organization’s security (Lichtenstein et al., 2018, p. 6). The EU-Russian
relationship is one of competition, where both actors represent a strategic player in combating
global and regional challenges (Delanoe, 2014, p. 370) This essay uses constructivist theory to
elaborate the notion of security in Russia and the EU and highlights the Russian-EU relationship,
particularly after the Crimean crisis (Dezentjé & Lamont, 2014, p. 7).
Based on the knowledge of the constructivist theory, Russian leaders have been dedicated
to learning from their previous encounters and experiences regarding their perceptions and
notion about security (McCourt, 2016, p. 380). For instance, the fall of Soviet Union in the early
1990’s, led to a security crisis in Russia, which created the need for Russian leaders to reform the
political discourse and security management strategies, especially while dealing with Ukraine
(Kalotay, 2014, p. 15). The notion of security in Russia in the 21st century is accompanied by
qualitative changes due to the occurrence of violent events in the 1990’s, which necessitated the
strengthening of the democratic government to successfully obtain socioeconomic and political
transformation in the Middle East (Kudrin & Gurvich, 2015, p. 33). The construction of Russian
foreign policy under the reign of President Putin, is an indication that Russian leaders are
dedicated to restore the security of the nation which is also part of showing its international goals
and motives to the EU. The Russian leaders understand that the notion of security is of
importance, especially, with the current ongoing debate with the EU; thus, to ease the tension
Russian leaders are prepared to introduce new policies that will prevent further instabilities as in
the case of Crimea annexation (Faizullaev & Cornut, 2017, p. 600).
Over the decades, Russia’s goals have always remained in line with the expansion of the
Russian Empire (McCourt, 2016, p. 380). The Crimea Crisis was among the moves proving its
determination to conquer and control the Middle East region (Kalotay, 2014, p. 15). The
European Union greatly condemned Russia for its actions, arguing that it did not recognize
Crimea. Russia’s actions in Crimea has resulted to their increased disputes with the EU.
Recently, President Yanyukoviych declared himself the head of Crimea and gained support from
Russia ("Russia's actions in Crimea", 2014, p. 1). Yanyukovioych confirmed that Ukraine is
interested in gaining military support from Russia, which is also against the powers of the
president. In all these acts in Crimea, the EU believes that Russia is trying to execute its law
through military force in Ukraine (Kudrin & Gurvich, 2015, p. 33).
The constructivism theory guarantees that there is enough time for conversations and
negotiations to succeed in building effective foreign policies and relationships which are the key
to constructing the idea of security in Russia (Tsygankov, 2016, p. 13). Since the Annexation of
Crimea, there have been intense debates between Russia and the EU. The Russian leaders have
had varied reasons to react and contribute towards strengthening the country’s notion of security.
(Spiessens & Poucke, 2016, p. 320). Nevertheless, the fact that Russia has made the idea of
security possible and effective through Putin’s power politics threatens the EU’s success and
brand politics.
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Rowman & Littlefield.

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