Obesity | EssayIvy.com

Obesity

Running Head: OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 1
Obesity and Weight Loss
Student’s Name
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OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 2
Obesity and Weight Loss
In the world today, obesity and overweight has become a huge problem. In the last forty
years, the number of individuals who are obese and overweight has surged histrionically. A study
conducted by the Centers of Disease Control shows that since 1980, a third of American adult
populace has become obese or overweight. There is no doubt that America is the richest country
but also, it is important to note that is the ‘chubbiest’ country in the world, and its obese rumps
have been rebuked in every other nation (Ogden et al., 2014). Ostensibly, the 1980s was the
decade when people abruptly started going ‘crazy’ over slimming, hopping onto the treadmills,
as well as buying pre-packaged non-fatty diets. Nevertheless, whereas all of that was going on,
the figure of overweight Americans increased tremendously. Conferring to an investigation in
the Journal of the American Medical Association, states that more than one-third 78.6 million or
34.9% of United States adults are obese (Ogden et al., 2014). The eating lifestyles of a given
people have progressively become more injurious and these individuals have started to yield
gluttonous youngsters, over-indulgent grownups, in addition to a food business set too much on
gratifying their appetites. There is no doubt that obesity is a big problem in America and there is
the need to reduce weight through apposite dieting as well as exercising.
Obesity may start at a very early age and many children in the American society are
overweight, setting themselves up for severe wellbeing difficulties later in their lives. Type 2
diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol in addition to heart complications are just
selected of the risks of being overweight. Children who are obese also feel less secure, less
contented with their bodies, and they are fatigued way more than normal weight children do.
Many individuals do not understand or realize that their appetites and diets are closely connected
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 3
to numerous psychological factors. Any individual who has ever overindulged on fries or cookies
when they feel distressed can comprehend this assertion. Numerous researchers have revealed
that individuals tend to consume more when they are apprehensive, depressed or have indications
of other emotive syndromes (Thomas et al., 2014). Certain diets have been identified to have a
soothing effect, even though ill-advisedly it is frequently the calorific diets that do. When a
dejected individual eats to feel well, they most probably increase weight and being overweight or
obese may in turn cause hopelessness as well as the emotional difficulties that signal
overindulging. As a result, rancorous cycle arises.
Being overweight almost certainly causes more emotional issues than just overindulging,
nevertheless. Despondently, obese individuals are very often on a social basis eschewed, judged,
critiqued, as well as made fun of. These people have difficulties finding occupations, friends, and
companions. Being victimized against adds to the emotional stress that obese individuals have to
deal with. Their misery from being overweight may cause spirits of desperateness, making it
appear dreadful for them to try to shade off some weight and transform the way they appear
(Thomas et al., 2014). Food can at times be an authoritative psychoactive substance, and “one
way to view eating disorders is to appreciate that food is a complex mixture and that the body
responds to food as it does to chemicals, such as those found in alcohol and other psychoactive
drugs. Eating disorders are therefore chemical disorders” (Haddock & Dill, 2014, p19).
One of the effective ways of reducing weight and hence averting the risks associated with
obese is selecting the diet carefully. Since natural human foods have been based on grain (rice,
wheat or corn) since the agrarian revolution, the past five thousand years, they ought to be a part
of every individual's diet. Unlike the diets as well as numbers the typical diet ought to entail, the
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 4
current society consumes far too much meat and too little grains. Perhaps the best way forward is
to adopt the diet of vegetarianism; the actual magical pill is in realism, a lifelong diet that is
constructive in more ways than one (Thomas et al., 2014). Vegetarianism is a type of diet that is
shorn of any meat. This type of diet is typically high in fiber, less in fat, in addition to
cholesterol, which is fairly the opposite of what tends to be the issues in illnesses connected to
obesity. Veganism is strict in that is much more limiting a person's diet. A person only takes
foods that have no meat and dairy products (Thomas et al., 2014). Extras would be essential for
the purposes of getting vitamin B12. Individuals who become vegetarians change their foods not
only because of their physical health but also because of their moralities and conceivably their
religious beliefs and practices. Most vegetarians select this lifestyle for numerous explanations
other than just losing weight because there are so many positive implications.
Foods with meat substantially increase the intake of cholesterol and fats, saturated fat
which typically increases levels of blood cholesterol. It is a fact that foods with high content of
meat are also high in energy in addition to fat content, and hence may be related with higher risk
of becoming obese. Wang and Beydoun conducted a study on the risks of meat and they found
out that, “On the basis of the recent nationally representative data, we found a positive
association between the consumption of ‘all meat’ and ‘other meat products’ and BMI, waist
circumference, obesity and central obesity. Those who had high MC (in the top quintile) were
~27% more likely to be obese, and 33% more likely to have central obesity compared to those
with low MC (bottom quintile)” (Wang & Beydoun, 2009, p622). As such, if individuals who are
overweight and obese adopt a vegetarian diet, there is likelihood that they will lose weight and
hence avert so many risks of getting illnesses.
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 5
It is important to note that in a vegetarian diet, there are more fruits, vegetables and
particularly grains in greater quantities which are very essential in maintaining the current body
weight. For overweight individuals, they are likely to help protect the body against diseases that
may emerge as a result of obesity. When losing weight, it is as easy as consuming the same size
or volume of diet as before, just with improved selections and devoid of meat. Additionally, the
foods are typically high in roughage which fill up the belly faster and are then less desirous to eat
more than required (Wang & Beydoun, 2009). Any type of food can be transformed to fat
irrespective of them being carbohydrates or proteins when consumed in excess. The body
naturally turns these foods into fats. Unlike when ingesting fats, with having a lacto-vegetarian
diet, the normal extra foods are carbohydrates and only three-quarters of that diet is transformed
to fat since it takes energy to change carbohydrates into long-term storage. When consuming any
healthy food, it is common to consume foods low in fat and calories which are precisely the
motive of reducing or avoiding fat completely.
In young children, vegetarianism is important because the early they start this healthy
lifestyle, the lesser the risks of coronary heart diseases and they are more likely to remain in
good physical shape. Just by avoiding meat, meat products in addition to the fat heavy foods,
many Americans will most definitely regain their good health or at least lose weight to
manageable and acceptable levels. Additionally, diseases such as cancer, heart diseases,
diabetes, and ordinary flu risks have been diminished with a lactovegetarian food regime.
Vucenik and Stains, leading researchers in the domain of health states that two out of three
causes of cancer are connected to the diet. Nutritional fat encourages cancers and because this
kind of lifestyle, which is more copious in vitamins, fiber, minerals and compounds such
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 6
carotene (Vucenik & Stains, 2012). Carotene is a chemical that is transformed to vitamin A in
the body and easily be found in red and orange vegetables like carrots.
Another effective way of losing weight occasioned by obesity or overweight is through proper
and regular exercising. Obesity and weight gain results from energy discrepancy. That is, too
many calories ingested and utilizing very few calories automatically leads to weight gain. A
number of factors greatly influence how many calories individuals burn every day. Some of
these factors include but not limited to the size of the body, the age of the individual as well as
genes. However, the most prevalent factor and perhaps the most easily changed is the amounts of
activity individuals engage themselves in a given day. That means, remaining active helps
individuals stay at a healthy weight and or even shed some weight. Consequently, it leads to
lower the risk of heart diseases, Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, osteoporosis, as
well as some types of cancers (Ogden et al., 2014). Physical activity also reduces stress while
boosting the mood of an individual. Of note, a sedentary (inactive) way of life does just the
contrary because it makes the body become extremely dormant.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services in conjunction with the
World Health Organization vouches for good health through the involvement in physical
exercises (Ogden et al., 2014). Adults and children ought to get comparable of two and a half
hours of moderate to vigorous physical activities every week. Children, because of their age,
should get even more exercising hours, the equivalent of up to seven hours in a week. Weight
gain during maturity can increase the risks of heart disease and chronic complications. Since it is
so difficult for individuals to shed off weight and keep it off, it is better to avert or avoid weight
gain in the first place. Hearteningly, there is sturdy and reliable evidence that remaining active
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 7
helps individuals slow down what is known as ‘middle-age spread.’ The more active individuals
are, the more probable they are to maintain their weight stable. However, the more inactive they
are, the more likely they are to add a few more and undesirable pounds.
The Women’s Health Study, for instance, conducted a research whereby they closely
monitored 34,000 middle-aged females for a period of thirteen years. The researchers wanted to
validate how much physical activity they required to in order to maintain within five pounds of
their mass. Scientists found that females in the standard weight range at the beginning required
the equivalent of one hour per day of moderate to vigorous physical activity to retain a stable
weight. Vigorous exercises or activities appear to be more operative for weight regulation than
walking slowly. In another study The Nurses’ Health Study II, the researchers closely monitored
about 18,000 women for a period of sixteen years to study the connection between variations in
physical activities and the weight of these individuals. Even though women increased, on
average, about twenty pounds during the course of the research, those who increased their
physical activities by thirty minutes in a day added lesser pounds than women whose activity
intensities remained stable (Roberts et al., 2013). Therefore, there is no doubt that exercise helps
in the management of weight. Essentially, exercise burns calories. The more an obese person
exercises, the more likely he or she will reduce weight and maintain the ideal weight.
In conclusion, obesity is the most common kind of malnourishment as well as one of the
greatest risks to healthy life in the United States and other developed countries. Most people
have died because of health risks associated with obesity. Common heart diseases are instigated
by obesity. The good part is that obesity and or overweight can be easily prevented. The panacea
to obesity lies in consuming the same amount of food but with healthier ones like vegetarianism.
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 8
Another way of losing weight is exercising. Exercising is also significant in ensuring that one
keeps fit and uses up any extra calories that would have otherwise be converted to fats.
Nevertheless, some fats are essential for the body because they help in generating heat, storing
energy, padding in addition to insulation. It is, therefore, important to choose diets wisely and
exercise regularly in order to keep obesity in check.
OBESITY AND WEIGHT LOSS 9
References
Haddock, C. K., & Dill, P. L. (2014). The Effects of Food on Mood and Behavior: Implications
for the Addictions Model. Food as a Drug, 17.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2014). Prevalence of childhood and
adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. Jama, 311(8), 806-814.
Roberts, A. L., Lyall, K., Hart, J. E., Laden, F., Just, A. C., Bobb, J. F., ... & Weisskopf, M. G.
(2013). Perinatal air pollutant exposures and autism spectrum disorder in the children of
Nurses’ Health Study II participants.
Thomas, D. M., Weedermann, M., Fuemmeler, B. F., Martin, C. K., Dhurandhar, N. V., Bredlau,
C., ... & Bouchard, C. (2014). Dynamic model predicting overweight, obesity, and
extreme obesity prevalence trends. Obesity, 22(2), 590-597.
Wang, Y., & Beydoun, M. A. (2009). Meat consumption is associated with obesity and central
obesity among US adults. International Journal of Obesity,33(6), 621-628.
Vucenik, I., & Stains, J. P. (2012). Obesity and cancer risk: evidence, mechanisms, and
recommendations. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1271(1), 37-43.

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