INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR 6
organization. Making such decision on how the organization will accommodate different cultural
and religious backgrounds would require ethical consideration.
b. Through knowledge of capability to recognize critical elements of socio-cultural diversity
A manager will make an ethical decision that may affect people if they understand the
socio-cultural elements evident in society. Subject to globalization businesses are occupying
environments characterized by people with varying customs, believe and values (Adler, &
Gundersen, 2007). In such a case where an American business expands to China, for example,
Apple, a manager will need to know the Chinese values for them to make proper decisions. It is
noted that while the Americans are individualists, the Chinese are collectivists. In China,
continued mistreatment of employees may lead to all of them refusing to come to work on a
single day. In other case, businesses are expanding to such areas as Africa where values and
cultural elements vary from that of the Americans. Having knowledge of the cultural background
of the people would be vital in not only anticipating their reactions to a decision but also to
choose a decision that the society considers ethical.
c. It is a basis for learning the attributes of organizational and personal value system
concerning global business environment.
The global environment in line with global management it calls for a unique
understanding of the personal values and the organization values. While making an organization
decision, a manager will need to consider how it will also affect the people values (Williams,
2013). For example, such country as Apple has a high reputation in the production of quality
goods and services. A management decision to produce cheaper goods would affect the quality
of its products and services. As a result, it will affect the consumer’s values and how they