PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS 2
Performance Enhancing Drugs Should be Banned and Eliminated
Over the years, there has been a huge amount of academic, policy and public debate on
the use of performance enhancing drugs in competitive sports. Ideally, sports are designed to
provide an opportunity for the participants to employ their natural capabilities to compete. Thus,
when some individuals use drugs to improve the body performance, it gives them an unfair
advantage over the other competitors. Largely, the attempts to completely eliminate the use of
drugs in sports have failed. Nevertheless, it is imperative to provide an analytical argument to the
effect that performance enhancing drugs should be banned and eliminated.
The World-Anti Doping Agency uses two metrics to classify a drug as illegal: One, if it
enhances the performance of an athlete, and, if it violates the spirit of sport ("What is
Prohibited", 2018). The agency contends that the spirit of sport constitutes a celebration of
human spirit, mind, and body characterized by myriad values such as ethics, fair play, honesty,
respect for rules and laws, and courage ("What is Prohibited", 2018). Consequently, biological
manipulation through the use of drugs violates the spirit of sport by handicapping the capacity of
individuals to improve their performance through reason and judgment. Ultimately, in a sport
that is characterized by the use of drugs to enhance performance, the winner is not the person
who has the best genetic combination and who have used reason and judgment to improve their
performance (Ntoumanis & Backhouse, 2015). Instead, the winner is the person who has
manipulated their body performance, thereby violating the spirit of sport and providing a reason
for doping substances to banned and eliminated.
Besides violating the spirit of sport, the use of performance-enhancing drugs has adverse
health implications for the athletes who are involved in the vice. The key objective of any sport
is to ensure health and fitness of the participants to compete (Christiansen & Møller, 2016).