Plastic Pollution Draft |

Plastic Pollution Draft

Plastic Pollution
Institutional Affiliation
Plastic Pollution
Plastic pollution refers to the buildup of plastic waste in the environment as a result of
poor waste disposal, which has adverse effects on living organisms, and the environment
(Eriksen, et al., 2016). Plastic pollution is currently rampant due to the high production and poor
disposal methods of plastic products. Hence, this contributes to environmental pollution and the
associated adverse effects. At that breath, this speech informs on the causes, effects and solutions
to plastic pollution.
The following are the causes of plastic pollution. Foremost, the dumping of plastics into
trash and landfills leads to the leaching of toxic pollutants into the soil (Li et al., 2015). Burning
of plastics also releases toxic chemicals that pollute the environment. Secondly, humans are
overusing plastic products because of overproducing in companies (Li et al., 2015). Plastics are
also widely available and overused because they are cheap. Consequently, the widespread
availability of plastics in the environment leads to plastic pollution due to poor disposal (Li et al.,
Plastic pollution has the following adverse effects. Firstly, plastics are the leading causes
of underground water pollution because of toxic substances, which leach through the soil into
underground water (Ahluwalia & Energy and Resources, 2015). Secondly, plastics also pollute
the soil when toxic substances in plastics mix with water in soil leading to acidification. Thirdly,
the burning of plastics releases toxic chemicals that pollute the air, thereby increasing the risk of
respiratory diseases in humans and animals (Ahluwalia & Energy and Resources, 2015). Lastly,
plastic pollution is poisonous to other living organisms in the environment, thus, affecting the
biodiversity of the ecosystem (Halden, 2016).
The following solutions are essential in reducing the effects of plastic pollution. Re-use
of plastic waste is critical for managing plastic waste (Schultz, 2017). Manufacturing companies
can also recollect plastic waste and re-use them instead of producing more plastic products. It is
also essential to ban plastic products such as plastic bag and replace them with synthetic
materials. Lastly, awareness creation is another strategy that will reduce plastic pollution
(Schultz, 2017).
In summary, plastic pollution results from the overproduction of plastic products and
inappropriate disposal. Some of the effects of plastic pollution include underground water, air,
and soil pollution. Plastic pollution, thus, leads to health problems such as respiratory issues in
humans and other animals. The potential solutions include reusing, banning plastic products and
awareness creation.
Ahluwalia, V. K., & Energy and Resources, I. (2015). Environmental Pollution and Health. New
Delhi: The Energy and Resources Institute.
Eriksen, M., Lebreton, L. C., Carson, H. S., Thiel, M., Moore, C. J., Borerro, J. C., ... & Reisser,
J. (2014). Plastic pollution in the world's oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces
weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea. PloS one, 9(12), e111913.
Halden, R. U. (2010). Plastics and health risks. Annual review of public health, 31, 179-194.
Li, W., TSE, H., & FOK, L. (2016). Plastic waste in the marine environment: A review of
sources, occurrence and effects. Science of The Total Environment, 566333-349.
Schultz, S. (2017). Reducing Plastic Pollution. Alternatives Journal (AJ) - Canada's
Environmental Voice, 43(2), 68-69.

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