Premature Birth Issues |

Premature Birth Issues

Premature Birth Issues
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Premature birth is becoming so much common in the world today. Despite all the
measures that the government and other healthcare stakeholders in the countries have put to
prevent premature births among the women, the number is still rising. There is however no
established and constant cause of early births among women in the world. Following that this is a
naturally occurring situation with nearly no biological prevention measure, human, the health
caregivers are tasked with taking care of the babies who are prematurely born. The intensive care
units are currently built in the hospitals, where women deliver to aid in supporting these children.
However, there is an arising concern, following the fact that some of these children are born at
bad conditions and have very minimal chances of surviving. Moreover, those who survive are
much in the risks of growing to live an autonomous life. Following the issues associated with
caring for the children with born prematurely, decisions have to be made by the care
professionals. Either, the children’s lives are ended or they are left to live. This paper explains
the application of ethics in making the decisions concerning care for such children.
Considering the situations described in the video, the best ethics theory that can apply in
going through the decision for caring for the prematurely born children is the meta-ethics
(Seaton, 2016). This is because the cases are variable and making a decision cannot be based
entirely on the legal definition of the ethics. Meta-ethics considers the judgment, attitudes,
statements and ethical properties when making a decision concerning an issue at hand at a given
moment. Let us consider the cases in the video and find out how meta-ethics theory is applied in
making a decision.
First, when the baby is born prematurely and all tests show that the baby will eventually
die after sometimes. According to the presentations in this video, the best care action that should
be taken is t end the life of the baby. Although the parents of the baby will in this case not be
willing to lose their child, keeping the child alive will be unethical (Candelori, 2015). First, to the
parents, keeping the child alive will be a way of giving them false hope since the child would
eventually die after a while and they will be back to the pain of losing a baby still. The baby will
also be living under a lot of unnecessary pain with no benefit in the long run. However much
judgment considers this as not right, meta-ethics would uphold it and give it a priority.
Second case in the video is when the child is expected to live but with mental disorders.
No parent, healthcare giver or even the society member wills to lose a baby. However, some
prematurely born children are found to be having metal disorders, which would leave them suffer
throughout their lives (Kattwinkel, 2018). Moreover, they would cause a lot of inconveniences in
the society as they require a lot of attention. Based on the principles that guide meta-ethical
decisions, it would be right to end his or her life. This is because ending the life would serve the
long-term interest of the parents, protect the child from suffering in future as well as protect the
In conclusion, meta-ethics arrives to decision after considering all the factors. Interests of
the majority are given priority in this theory of ethics. Moreover, it puts attitudes of all
stakeholders into account when making a decision as elaborated in the video above. The only
theory of ethics that can be applied in going through the dilemmas of live is the meta-ethics
Kattwinkel, J., American Academy of Pediatrics, & American Heart Association. (2018).
Textbook of Neonatal Resuscitation, (Spanish).
Seaton, S. E., Barker, L., Draper, E. S., Abrams, K. R., Modi, N., Manktelow, B. N., &
Collaborative, U. N. (2016). Modelling neonatal care pathways for babies born preterm:
an application of multistate modelling. PloS one, 11(10), e0165202.
Candelori, C., Trumello, C., Babore, A., Keren, M., & Romanelli, R. (2015). The experience of
premature birth for fathers: the application of the Clinical Interview for Parents of High-
Risk Infants (CLIP) to an Italian sample. Frontiers in psychology, 6, 1444.

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