quite high. America is a world’s superpower hence incarceration rates are expected to be
significantly low. Shockingly, recidivism rate in America is currently at 52 percent which is
arguably the highest around the globe (Hampson 6). Apart from that, Russia is believed to be the
country that uses unorthodox methods to reduce incarceration rates. A comprehensive analysis of
its prison system reveals exciting trends. Notably, the prison population stands at approximately
880,000 against a total population of around 143 million. The imprisonment rate is slightly lower
than that of America with Russia recording 615 prisoners in every 100,000 citizens.
Consequently, recidivism rate stands at 36 percent (Davis and Steve 23). Notably, Russia heavily
relies on its excessive prison sentences and the general fear of grave punishments to reduce
Apart from that, Norway is arguably the only country with the most effective and
successful prison systems in the entire globe. In fact, other nations benchmark from Norway with
the aim of improving their jails and criminal justice systems (Hampson 15). Interestingly, the
prison population averages at only 3700 prisoners against the country’s entire population of
around 5 million. What is more, the rate of incarceration is substantially low only 71 people out a
population of 100,000. The rate of recidivism is also low at it stands at 20 percent (South and
Robert, 45). As previously noted, Norway prison system focuses more on rehabilitation of the
criminals rather than on punishing them. In fact, this concept explains the low rate of recidivism.
Finally, a comparative analysis of China’s prison system indicates that its prison population
stands at 1.5 million against 1.4 billion citizens. The incarceration rate is quite low with only 118
people per 100,000. Subsequently, China has the lowest recidivism rates of about 7 percent
(Davis and Steve 43).
Punishment in the American Prisons