Psychology |


Article 1: The Secret of Effective Motivation by Amy Wrzesniewski and Barry Schwartz in
The New York Times, July 4, 2014,
Summary of the Article
The article shows that there are two ways in which people are motivated to engaged in a
given activity. They include the internal motives and the instrumental motives. The article
provides an example of a scientist who conducts research in a given phenomenon. The scientist
may, therefore, be more interested in conducting the research because she wishes to be renown.
Fame and science are normally viewed to bear a close relationship with each other. The
instrumental motive for the research on the ability to solve a given problem as will be established
by the research process. The article details that for success to be attained in engaging in a given
activity, people have the need to take advantage of the two motives. The two motives are likely
to complement each other, thereby, pushing a person to focus more on the right steps that are
likely to improve on the success of the given task they are undertaking.
How the Article is Related to Our Class
The article relates to the chapter nine concept of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is based
on the ability of a given employee to find fun in carrying out a given activity. The employee
needs to realize success. He also needs to determine that he is personally benefiting from the
activity. Thus, through the application of the internal and instrumental motives. Thus, the
employee will have the chance to determine the influence that the job has had on him. He may
also establish the specific steps that he needs to take up to improve upon the success rates of the
duties that he has been accorded. An employee who enjoys a high level of job satisfaction also
has the possibility to influence his peers accordingly to be more diligent in their jobs to be more
successful. Such an employee is also likely to be more innovative.
Article 2: Do Team Games for Employees Really Improve Productivity? By Lynnley
Browning On 10/26/14 AT 2:51 PM
Summary of the Article
The article talks about a team game that the Federal Reserve’s Philadelphia branch were
involved in. It was during a team-building and bonding session in which they were grouped into
four teams and generally focused on playing games that would enable them to compete amongst
one another. The major intention of the activity was to build the team capacities. It is through the
process of working together outside the boardroom that they would attain the chance to motivate
one another and encourage each other to take up the various roles that were presented to them in
their day-to-day activities. It was also intended to reduce the high level of seriousness
experienced in the workplace. Thus, the executives had the chance to see each other in a way that
was way different from the perceptions that they earlier on, held. Through the process, they
increased the chances of attaining success in their internal activities.
How the Article is Related to Our Class
The article is related to the concepts detailed in chapter 12 about the basic group
processes. The group processes need to be ones that are built on conformity. It is, therefore,
through the process that group members would have the chance to identify the skills and
competencies that others hold. They are also likely to have a deeper interaction with one another
through identifying the specific areas of concern that they need to focus more on to attain high
levels of success in the respective tasks that they undertake. Through the application of group
games as shown in the article, employees of a company have the opportunity to establish the
right approaches in dealing with one another. Thus, they are more likely to encourage each other.

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