that the provided evidence portrays Tom is innocent, eventually he was wrongly convicted. The
Court had a White Jury which means that Tom had no chance because of his skin color. As a result
of the influence of the White Jury, Tom is found guilty. It shows how Black people get deprived
justice because of their skin color. “Tom was right handed while Mr. Ewell was left-handed.
Therefore, this should have disqualified the case against Tom” (Lee, 54). Additionally, Lee brings
out the theme of racism by describing the effect the verdict had on three children, Scout, Jem, and
Drill. According to the author, the kids are shocked by the verdict. Consequently, Jem feels that
his trust in the rationality and goodness of humanity is betrayed. Therefore, racism not only affects
its victims but also those who witness it (Lowe et al., 190).
Lee shows how dangerous racism can become. For instance, Mr. Ewell felt humiliated by
Finch even after Tom s found guilty. “Mr. Ewell thought that Finch was taking advantage of him.”
(Lee, 55). As a result, he decides to revenge by attempting to kill Jem and Scout. In the process,
Jem breaks his arm before the two kids are helped by Boo Radley. If Mr. Ewell were not racist, he
would not have attempted to kill Finch’s kids. It indicates that racism can have adverse
consequences to people. It creates hatred and can result in violence and deaths (Jackson, 34).
Racism in the Poem
From the beginning of the poem, the title, Francis Duggan brings out the theme of racism. The
author also uses rhyming words to indicate that racism surrounds him. For instance, in the second
verse, the third and fourth line, the author depicts that White people feel superior as a result, they
differentiate and discriminate individuals from other races. The author also indicates that people
are judged based on their skin color and their origin. In the poem, Duggan mentions Martin Luther