Rehabilitation in Sports Medicine

Running head: Medicine and Health 1
Rehabilitation in Sports Medicine
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In the world of sports, little can be done to avoid injuries at all cost, it’s inevitable. Since
it is an involving activity, participants expose themselves to possibilities of getting injured be it
tissue injury or musculoskeletal injury. Getting back to optimal functionality and form is called
restoration (Muhic, 2017) in sports while the applied management expertise required for the
diagnosis and treatment of the musculoskeletal injuries is rehabilitation. The purpose is mainly to
stimulate recovery. In sports, those injured strive to regain their active life as fast as possible and
rehabilitation specialist works to give just that. They employ evidence based methods to manage
patients through recovery (Hart, 2015) and back to their sporting life again or better still, boost
their performance in their respective fields of sporting. In order to get back to full gear,
professional care is required. Specialists have been drawn into the sport medicine like the
orthopedic surgeon, sports physicians and physiotherapists to boost after sports injury
rehabilitation (Dhillon et al, 2017). These dedicated specialists try to ensure that their choice of
rehabilitation plan gives the optimal results to the patient in terms of reduction of time of injury
stay, reversal of the loss incurred due to the injury and correct the injury (Frontera, 20013).
Platelet- rich plasma is becoming widely used in sport medicine because of its ability to fasten
tendon and muscle recovery. It is an autologous blood with a higher level of platelets than
normal. This excerpt elucidates on the role of medicine in the field of sports. It also explains the
role of platelet- rich plasma in enhancing sports medical experience and ensures patients get back
to their daily activities in the shortest period of time. It also explains why this method should be
utilized in terms of its advantages but also explains the disadvantages of it.
Rehabilitation in sports medicine
For optimal rehabilitation, proper diagnosis is paramount. Treating something that is not
maybe a time and resources loss but may also be lethal to the patient. For instance, misdiagnosis
of a fracture to a swelling will lead to the treatment of a swelling instead of a fracture and as time
goes by, the harmful effects will be seen at times too late to revert things but proper diagnosis
ensures that a patient recovers from an injury in the most natural way and in an acceptable time
frame. Treating the consequences only will not help much in rehabilitation. One focus of
rehabilitation is on reducing the possibilities of recurrence of the same issue. Addressing the
cause of the injury like poor training or an individual’s perspective like flexibility would help in
rehabilitating the patient in an effective and assuring manner. Correcting functional deficits,
reducing pain and restoring the patients’ defining characteristics would help address the cause of
the injury and avoid a repeat of the injury. Reducing the time required to recover from an injury
is the will of every player in the medical practitioners and the patient too and making it any
longer puts them in jeopardy. There are levels of rehabilitation according to American Academy
of Pediatrics (2015) that need to be followed systematically in that order to fasten the process but
a cross-matching may result to longer periods than necessary being taken in the recovery
chambers. These include (1) Resting, protecting the injured part and controlling pain and swell,
(2) Restoring the motion of the joint and making the muscles flexible, (3) Restoring the strength,
power and stamina of the muscles and (4) Restoring the functionality of the body e.g. agility
Depending on the type of injury the player has sustained, recovery programs vary. Some
injuries require a lot of physical rest e.g. a concussion before a return to activity protocol is
initiated (Schneider et al, 2017). In sporting, in as much as rehabilitation is necessary, patients
are put under strenuous programs to help them regain their initial state.
Platelet-rich Plasma
Muscle strength, power and stamina recovery is one area that specialists capitalize on and
the use of platelet rich plasma to enhance muscle recovery is a boost in the sports medicine field.
Platelets rich plasma is an autologous blood with a concentration of platelets above base value
(Hall et al, 2009). An individual’s own blood is taken and taken for preparation where platelets
are separated and concentrated then gets injected in the host’s body to help in the healing process
mainly by rebuilding the tissues in the local area of the injury. Platelets are basically constituents
of the body that helps in the healing process. They work by producing growth factors and which
is basically the tech that platelet rich plasma employs. By doing so, an increase in the growth
factors in the body increases the healing potential (Soomekh, 2010). Because injury is inevitable
during sporting activities, platelets rich plasma has proven to be of great use to the sports
medical practitioners in treating muscle, tendons, soft tissues, healing wounds and augmentation
of the bones. Platelet-rich Plasma is applied at the site of injury to boost the concentration of
platelets at that given site above the base value usually during the inflammatory phase of wound
Merits of using Platelet-rich Plasma
Platelet-rich Plasma is retrieved from the patient’s body (autologous), and then prepared
for reinjection. This thereby reduces the medical risks of being injected a foreign material
that may cause a hypersensitive reaction.
Platelet-rich Plasma accelerates the growth of cells around the injured place thereby
hastening the healing process.
It assists damaged tissues to mend faster due to its constituents. Being a blood
constituent, Platelet-rich Plasma contains proteins, nutrients and other growth factors
It is a cheaper method for muscle and tendons treatment
Body structures are strengthened rather than being weakened by the injection
Provides satisfactory relief when used
The procedure is time effective. In less than an hour, platelet rich plasma is ready for use
Demerits of using Platelet-rich Plasma
Pain and irritation at the treatment area makes most people uncomfortable. The pain is at
times worse that without the treatment
Possibilities of tearing an artery or vein during injection resulting to the formation of a
clot inside the body
Discoloration at the point of treatment
Limited application. Other than the bones, tendons and muscles, Platelet-rich Plasma is
not known to be used in other ways
Not all people can afford it; insurance companies are even shying off from it due to its
newness (Wilson, 2015).
Other medications like those for making nerves numb cannot be used before, during or
after injection of platelets rich plasma. This is in fear of a possible reverting of the
healing effect.
Does not work on everybody
My take
Health care practitioners can use this information to better handle sports related injuries of
the tendons, muscles and bones to revert the process. Platelets rich plasma is a less invasive,
cheaper and time saving method as compared to other procedures like surgery. The healing effect
is almost instant and is very easy to use. Platelets rich plasma has very little side effects or after
effect making it one of the best if not the best option there is to treating sports related injuries.
My view point is that, medical practitioners not only in the sports medicine should learn more
about platelets rich plasma and make maximum use of it for treating their patients with bones or
tendon issues. Its effectiveness is amazing and the time required to properly heal using other
methods is cut almost by half. Things cannot get any better.
In as much as we can’t avoid getting injured during sporting activities, we can take
measures to keep us back in action as soon as we get out of action. Sports medical practitioners
strive to reduce the possibilities of injury recurrence reduce pain and restore muscle strength in
the shortest time possible. For sport’s men and women, it’s all about getting on track and with
proper rehabilitation plan, a lot more can be achieved, for instance other than getting back to the
initial state, one can actually get better. With the use of Platelets rich plasma, muscles are made
stronger and structural body works are strengthened which can have positive effects on the
player. Platelets rich plasma is just the answer to players who would have to suffer for a bone,
spine or tendon injury for so long. With its fastened action, Platelets rich plasma can be counted
on for better results. It is up to health practitioners to step up and embrace the new tech available
and make players healthier and up to their tasks. The safeness bestowed on Platelets rich plasma
due to it being autologous, its less invasive, and cheaper in terms of time and money as
compared to other forms of muscle, bone or tendon rectification makes most players result to its
use. Although no good thing is perfect, platelets rich plasma suffers from several set-backs such
as incompatibility with some people and incompatibility with nerves numbing medications.
Hart J.M. (2015). Clinics in sports medicine: Sports Rehabilitation. Vol 34, issue 2. Pp. 13-24.
Dhillon H., Dhillon S. and Dhillon M.S. (2017). Current concepts in sports injury rehabilitation.
Indian journal of orthopedics. 51(5):529-536. doi: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_226_17
Muhic E. (2017). Rehabilitation in Sport. Physiopedia, . Retrieved 22:55, April 27, 2018 from
Frontera W.R. (2003). Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries: Scientific Basis. Vol X of Encylopaedia
of Sports Medicine. An IOC Medical Committee Publication in collaboration with the
International Federation of Sports Medicine. Blackwell Science Ltd.
American Academy of Pediatrics (2015). Sports injuries treatment.
Schneider K.J., Leddy J.J., Guskiewicz K.M., Seifert T., McCrea M., Silverberg N.D., Demont
N.F., Iverson G.L., Hayden A. and Makdissi M. (2017). Rest and treatment/ rehabilitation
following sport- related concussion: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med.
Hall M.P., Band P.A., Meislin R.J., Jazrawi L.M. and Cardone D.A. (2009). Platelet-rich plasma:
Current concepts and application in sports medicine. PMID: 19794217
Sumekh D.J. (2010). current concepts for the use of platelet- rich plasma in the foot and ankle.
Wilson J.J. (2015). Are PRP injections effective? Veritas health. https://www.sports-

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