II. Chapter 5
James W. Sire in section five furthers builds on the theory of naturalism and explains the
philosophy of nihilism. Nihilism is a non-Christian belief because God does not exist and thus
life is meaningless. Nihilism is also a non-philosophical belief that denies the existence of truth
and knowledge it is based on an attitude of indifference that postulates everything just exists with
o real meaning. Besides nihilism according to Sire does not question the existence of things
including the acquired knowledge, i.e., Nihilists do not examine the source of their knowledge.
Sire, however, points out philosophical gaps that prove that Nihilism cannot be viable.
Firstly, he points out Nihilists view that life has no purpose or real meaning. However, human
beings have free will and choice which they pursue, it then follows that when human beings are
working on a choice or activity, they are seeking a goal which is a purpose. Similarly, Sire
observes that Nihilists uses art as a way of expressing themselves; however, the art has a
structure and meaning that is used to identify with Nihilism, it, therefore, follows that art cannot
be Nihilism. Sire that believing in Nihilism could culminate in culminates in insanity or suicide.
Nihilism believers lack fulfillment in life as they deny the existence of God who has given them
everything they possess physically and philosophically. Nihilism therefore
III. Chapter 6
Chapter 6 of Sire’s The Universe Next Door demystifies the theory of existentialism.
Existentialism includes the view of the world in a rational full-fledged manner and can be
explained based on its two forms atheistic existentialism and theistic existentialism. Atheistic
existentialism seeks to find value in an irrelevant/ meaningless world (Dauntingbooks, 2009).
Atheistic existentialism builds on the theory of nihilism by stating the universe is insignificant,