ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT 3
that Anti-inflammatories drugs are used on a daily basis for maintenance, and to aid in
preventing Asthma symptoms.
Quick-Relief Medications and Long-Term Asthma Control Medications
Treatment for Asthma involves an inhaler and nebulizer dosages of anti-inflammatories
and Bronchodilators. Inhalers are devices that are used to inject or pump prepared dosage of
medicine into the patient’s lungs while nebulizers are battery-powered or plug-in devices that are
used to vaporize liquid drugs or medicine for easy inhalation (Mayo Clinic, 2018; Booker, 2014).
Bronchodilators are usually used as quick-relief, and are also commonly referred to as
quick-relief or rescue therapy medications. Widely used bronchodilators are short-acting beta
agonists, such as levalbuterol (Xopenex HFA) and albuterol (Ventolin HFA, ProAir HFA), and
anticholinergics, such as ipratropium bromide (Atrovent HFA) (Mayo Clinic, 2018). On the one
hand, short-acting beta agonist drugs are inhaled to provide instant relief during attacks. The
relief often lasts for several hours. Nevertheless, short-acting beta agonists are preferred for
exercise-induced Asthma attacks (Mayo Clinic, 2018).
Side Effects of Short-Acting Beta Agonists
Some of the common side effects of short-acting beta agonists include: excitability,
shakiness, fast heart rate, headache, and throat irritation. However, short-acting beta agonists are
also associated with heart arrhythmias in serious cases of Asthma (Ezzell, 2017). Moreover, side
effects for anticholinergics are: nasal irritation, nosebleed, nasal dryness, trouble breathing, and
dry mouth. It is also noteworthy that anticholinergic drugs can cause bronchospasms, which is
characterized by muscle spasms in the lungs that usually results in the narrowing of the airwaves