The Plausibility Of The United States Of Africa |

The plausibility of the United States of Africa

The plausibility of the United States of Africa
Institution Affiliation
The plausibility of the United States of Africa
One of the most talked about topics is the idea of uniting African countries under a single
flag and constitution. Certainly, this has for long been a debatable proposition, which has
received mixed opinions. In general, unification is not a novel concept in history. Rather, it has
been used to form a majority of the powerful nations. For instance, the United States of America
was once a collection of thirteen different and distinct countries that united after gaining
independence from Britain. Unification has been deemed essential in making these nations
powerful, hence the idea of African nations joining under one flag and constitution. While the
unification of African countries can prove to be advantageous, it is implausible to create the
United States of Africa due to poor leadership and the occurrence of internal conflicts.
One of the challenges facing the unification of the African continent is bad leadership.
Most of the leaders within the region have opposed any steps of uniting African countries under
one government as they fear to lose their sovereignty and self-interest. Some of the Presidents of
the regions are very corrupt and therefore, the position of leadership is their opportunity to
accumulate wealth. For this reason, they would not want a United Africa, which would need to
be under one leader as they will be required to relinquish their positions. Furthermore, there have
been several instances where the African leaders have led efforts to amend the constitution to
ensure that they hold on to power. For instance, Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and Robert
Mugabe of Zimbabwe have held power for more than 30 years. Corruption cases and
unconstitutional acts have marred their regimes (Mentan, 2014). As a result, they have frustrated
any efforts to unite the African continent. Therefore, because of the bad leaders who are
currently managing the region, it is not plausible to create the United States of Africa, which
would unite all the African countries under one flag and constitution.
The other reason is the occurrence of internal conflicts within the region. According to
Mentan (2014), the progress to unite the African countries is undermined by the presence of
ethnicity within the continent. Moreover, Devlin (2010), points out that Africa has the highest
level of internal displacement in the world and some of the largest refugee flows. Most of such
conflicts occur within countries and not between one nation and the other. Consequently, it
implies that in Africa, people within a country are not themselves united as they are divided
along ethnical backgrounds and political affiliations. Thus, it is difficult to unite all the nations
within Africa under one leader, if the people within those specific countries are not in harmony
However, despite the challenges of uniting the African continent under one leadership,
there is still some progress being made. For instance, the establishment of the African Union,
which constitutes all the countries within the region has provided where Africans can discuss
their challenges. One of the successes of the AU is that it has come up with several strategies that
can help end the conflicts within the region. The other factor that has promoted unity within the
continent is that some countries have amended their constitutions, limiting the power of the
Presidents. Such moves have supported the journey to unite the continent as they slow down the
hunger for staying in power for prolonged terms.
In conclusion, it is evident that the idea of uniting African countries under one flag and
constitution seems to be a challenge. Poor leadership has for long hindered any progress to make
the proposition possible. Again, the occurrence of internal conflicts makes it even harder
considering the different ethnicities within the continent. However, the establishment of unions,
such as the African Union, help reduce the challenges for the unification of the African
countries. With such progress, there is a reason to believe that although it may take time, there is
a great possibility that the proposition of uniting African countries under one flag and
constitution to create the United States of Africa could well be plausible.
Devlin, J. (2010). Challenges of economic development in the Middle East and North Africa
region. Singapore, NJ: World Scientific.
Mentan, T. (2014). Africa: Facing human security challenges in the 21st century. Bamenda,
Cameroon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG.

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