to reject or confirm treaties that the President has signed with foreign nations. It also confirms or
rejects presidential appointments such as foreign ambassadors, cabinet members, and federal
judges. The Senate is also responsible for trying any federal official who has been accused of
crimes. This is followed by a vote of the House to impeach the said official. Apparently,
Senators are elected for 6-year terms. Additionally, the Senate is being presided over by the vice
President, who also has powers to cast his or her vote in case of a tie.
Representatives are elected after every two years. One must be at least the age of 25
years, been a citizen of the United States for not less than seven years and live in the same state
they want to represent to be eligible to be elected as a member of the House of Representatives.
The Speaker is the leader of the House of Representatives and is the third in command in the
presidential succession line.
The Congress gives the people an opportunity to choose a representative who shares the
same ethnic, social, religious, educational and racial background as them. This representative
will act in ways that reflect the way of life and aspirations of his or her constituents. Because of
this assumption, people rarely monitor their representatives very carefully. Therefore,
representatives are elected to the Congress to carry the wishes and aspirations of the people. If he
or she fails to do so, the people vote him/her out and choose someone who can. This way, they
ensure that the Representative or the Senator is accountable to the people.
Laws are essential for the existence of every society. However, for more harmonious
existence, the people should participate in making of these laws. This explains why many
jurisdictions around the world, there exists laws making institutions whose membership are